Urban Sprawl Mapping and Land Use Change Detection Analysis

M. Lenin Sundar, C. Arun Prasath, H. Elstin Rosario, K. Tamilselvan


Hasty changes occurred in the land use and land cover of Coimbatore city corporation, Tamil Nadu within 32 years span (1984 – 2016). Agricultural and forest lands are mainly converted into urban areas generally in an unplanned way which is making a change in dynamics of urban sprawl characteristics. The principal aim of this study is to use remote sensing data, geospatial tools to detect, quantify, analyze the urban land use changes of Coimbatore city, located in the western part of the Tamil Nadu. This study emphases on urban growth analyses and urban sprawl of Coimbatore city. In 2016, the jurisdiction of the Coimbatore Corporation was increased from 72 to 100 wards and five zones which consist area of 365.74Sq.Km. The corporation limit was extended from 29.25Sq.Km. in 1984 to 365.74 Sq. Km. in 2016 which has a growth of 1150 percent area of 1984. Various GIS layers such as Ward, Zone, Corporation boundaries, Road and railway network, Waterbody, Stream, Major locations and Land use / land cover including built-up area; agricultural land; water bodies; industrial area; educational area, and Public & Semi-public area were generated from Coimbatore Corporation map and Remote sensing imagery. This study revealed that Land use/Land cover areas such as agricultural, commercial, educational, industrial, public and semi-public, residential areas and water bodies occupied 9.38, 2.20, 5.0, 3.1, 1.02, 77.37 and 1.93 percentage areas of the city respectively in the year 2016. Land use pattern change was confirmed by field verification study in some places like near Gandhipuram, Brooke Fields, Avinashi Road, etc.


remote sensing; GIS, urban sprawl; land use / land cover; change detection; coimbatore.

Full Text:



Abbas I.I., Muazu K.M. and Ukoje J.A., “Mapping Land Use-land Cover and Change Detection in Kafur Local Government, Katsina, Nigeria (1995-2008) Using Remote Sensing and GISâ€, Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, Vol. 2, pp.6 – 12, Jan. 2010.

Edwin, Amrizal Saidi, Aprisal, Yulnafatmawita, and Ita Carolita, “Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Land Use Change for 11 years(2004-2014) in Sub-Watershed Sumpur Singkarakâ€, International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology, Vol. 5, pp.326 – 329, Sept. 2015.

Edwin and Yuzirwan, “Evaluation of Land Use Change in the District Dharmasraya,†International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology, Vol. 6, pp.97 – 103, Jan. 2016.

Gajbhiye S. and Sharma S.K., “Land use and land cover change detection of Indra river watershed through remote sensing using multi-temporal satellite data,†International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, Vol. 3(1), pp.89-96, July 2012.

Hassan Mohammadian Mosammam, Jamileh Tavakoli Nia, Hadi Khan, Asghar Teymouri and Mohammad Kazemi, “Monitoring land use change and measuring urban sprawl based on its spatial forms, the case study of Qom city,†The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, Vol.20, pp. 103 – 116, 2017.

Naser Ahmadi Sani, Karim Solaimani, Lida Razaghnia, and Jalal Zandi, “Land use change detection using Remote Sensing and GIS,†International Journal of geological and Environmental Engineering, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 373 – 377, 2016.

Prakasam C., “Land use and land cover change detection through remote sensing approach: A case study of Kodaikanal taluk, Tamilnadu,†International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, Vol. 1, pp.150 – 158, Sept. 2010.

Priyanka Dubey and Dilip Kumar, “Urban Sprawl and its Impact on Urban Environment,†IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), Vol. 9, pp. 26-31, Nov. 2013.

Rajpoot Pushpendra Singh, Kumar Ajay, and Pandey Gyanendra Kumar, “Assessment of Urban Sprawl and its Impact on Natural Environment in and around Jaipur city, Rajasthan, India,†International Research Journal of Earth Sciences,Vol. 2, pp. 1-6, April 2014.

Rawat J.S. and Manish Kumar, “Monitoring land use/cover change using remote sensing and GIS techniques: A case study of Hawalbagh block, district Almora, Uttarakhand, India,†The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, Vol.18, pp.77-84, 2015.

Sundarakumar K., Harika M., Aspiya Begum S.K., Yamini S., and Balakrishna K., “Land use and Land cover change detection and urban sprawl analysis of Vijayawada city using Multitemporal Landsat data,†International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 4, pp.170 – 178, Jan. 2012.

Tamilenthi S., Arul P., and Chandramohan K., “Detection of urban change and urban sprawl of Madurai City, Tamilnadu using GIS and RS,†Journal of Environment Protection and Sustainable Development, Vol.1, No.3, pp.107-120, May 2015.

Tamilenthi S. and Baskaran R., “Detecting urban change of Salem City of Tamilnadu, India from 1990 to 2010 using Geospatial Technologyâ€, International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management & Applied Sciences & Technologies, Vol.2, pp.183 – 195, Mar. 2011.

Tusi Das, Sabari Chakraborty, and Kaberi Samanta, “Urban sprawl and urban growth detection analysis: A comparative study of Kolkata municipal corporation and Haora municipal corporation,†International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences,Vol. 7, pp.82 – 92, Aug.2016.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.9.1.8080


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development