Knowledge, Attitude and Perception towards the Consumption of Waste Cooking Oil between Suburban and Rural Communities

Hanisah Kamilah, Megat Azlan Azmi, Tajul Aris Yang


The improper discarding method of toxic waste cooking oil (WCO) and the repetitive usage of it are polluting the environment and harmful to human, respectively. Thus, survey regarding the consumption of waste cooking oil (WCO) was conducted in Kampung Nelayan, Penang (rural area) and Gurun, Kedah (suburban area). Each developed questionnaire containing the total amount of 26 questions, which five open-ended questions and 21 closed questions. Feedbacks of over 180 responses were received from Gurun, Kedah and 200 responses from Kampung Nelayan, Pulau Pinang. Focus group survey and face-to-face interview method were done in Gurun, Kedah and Kampung Nelayan, Pulau Pinang, respectively based on the suitability of the area. Personal information such as race, gender, and occupation of participants was recorded for further information. The percentage of 80% of the respondents was females and there was higher percentage of housewives (59%) in Kampung Nelayan compared to Gurun. Majority of the respondents were consuming palm oil (95%) and producing waste cooking oil (WCO) up to 6-10 L/mth and 1 L/mth in Kampung Nelayan and Gurun, respectively. Survey analysis also showed that 2-3% of the respondents utilised the cooking oil repeatedly until it is fully utilised. Around 7-9% of respondents consumed the cooking oil up to three times before discarding it. As the conclusion, most of the respondents have limited knowledge regarding the WCO management, which could affect the health of a consumer and adulterates the environment.  


Survey; waste cooking oil; toxic; pollution; awareness.

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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development