Characteristics of Anthocyanin as Natural Dyes from Butterfly Pea (Clitoria ternatea L.) on Regions Growing in North Maluku

Sri Soenarsih, Zauzah Abdullatif, - Nurhasanah, Hamidin Rasulu


Butterfly pea has the potential to be a natural dye. The identification of anthocyanin compounds and anthocyanin content and antioxidant activity of butterfly pea flowers that grow in several regions in North Maluku need to be traced to identify the quality of anthocyanin content from late flowers. The research samples for the butterfly pea flower came from seven growing regions in North Maluku, and this study aimed to identify the phytochemical components of anthocyanins using the GC-MS method and to determine antioxidant activity using the DPPH method in ethanol extracts defined using the spectrophotometric method. The data obtained revealed the results of GC-MS phytochemicals and confectionery was identified as approximately 4-7 anthocyanin compounds with varying retention time peaks, with the best growth area for the highest anthocyanin content in Fitu Ternate with 35.38%, the Tidore region 33.92% and Maliaro 33.22%. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis results are intended to filter phytochemical, functional component groups presented by the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer (FT-IR) in ethanol extract of Clitoria ternatea flowers. The results showed that the antioxidant activity test obtained IC50 values on dried eagle flower extracts from several growing areas in North Maluku, which ranged from 39,009 – 74,481 μg / ml. IC50 values are best produced in the growing area of Fitu Ternate and Tidore of 39,01 and 39,37 criteria for oxidant activity with powerful free radical inhibition.


Clitoria ternatea; anthocyanins; natural dyes, antioxidants, growing regions

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