Non-invasive Frozen Meat Monitoring System Using UHF RFID Tag Antenna-Based Sensing and RSSI

Adi Mahmud Jaya Marindra, Boby Mugi Pratama, Dwi Joko Suroso


The conditions of frozen meat products must be closely monitored in cold chain logistics (CCL) to maintain their quality and safety. Sensing and monitoring meat products are currently invasive, costly, and lacking tracing capabilities. Therefore, developing a wireless, passive, and cost-effective sensing system capable of tracking and monitoring remains challenging. This work investigates the UHF RFID system performing antenna-based sensing for monitoring frozen meat using the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) data. A commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) UHF RFID reader is programmed through a single-board computer to acquire the RSSI data throughout the RFID 902-926 MHz band. In the experiments, RSSI data from an RFID inlay tag affixed to a defrosted frozen meat sample is acquired for approximately 20 minutes. Then, the RSSI data is recorded periodically during the changes in the sample condition. The experimental results signify that the RSSI data have monotonic relationships with the temperature and hardness of the meat sample. The three-degree polynomial regression models are constructed to show the non-linear relationships between the RSSI and the frozen meat condition. During defrosting, the RSSI lowers as the meat temperature rises and the hardness reduces. Therefore, antenna-based sensing employing the RFID RSSI data can detect changes in frozen meat temperature and hardness, allowing conditional fluctuations in the CCL to be monitored. This work paves the way for low-cost IoT-based sensing systems for improving food safety in cold chain applications.


Cold chain logistics, food safety, intelligent packaging, RFID sensors.

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