An Emotion-based Model for Improving Students’ Engagement using Agent-based Social Simulator

Latha Subramainan, Moamin A Mahmoud, Mohd Sharifuddin Ahmad, Mohd Zaliman Mohd Yusoff


Students’ emotional engagement in classrooms has always been regarded as a crucial factor influencing educational outcomes. Emotionally engaged students are highly motivated to attend classes and participate actively in discussions. Conversely, emotionally disengaged students are habitual truants and/or often misbehave in classrooms. It is time consuming to conduct research using traditional methods such as data collection or questionnaire. Furthermore, as these experiments are conducted on humans, limited settings can be organized and difficult to control/monitor. Therefore, in this paper, we present our work-in-progress to address the problem. We propose a conceptual emotion-based model that is animated by an agent-based social simulator. We also propose an algorithmic approach that decides whether to maintain or update a proposed action plan in improving students’ engagement in a classroom. The rudimentary theory of this proposal is based on three main elements: the engagement level of students, the emotional state of a lecturer and the emotional state of students in a classroom.


student engagement; emotions; agent-based social simulation; emotional states; E-BDI

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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development