Analysis of Offset Antennas in Radio Telescopes

Kim Ho Yeap, Chorng Yin Yiam, Koon Chun Lai, Mey Chern Loh, Soo King Lim, Zairi Ismael Rizman


We present an analysis on the performance of two popular dual offset antennas design, i.e. the offset Cassegrain and Gregorian reflector antennas. In our study, we have adopted the design parameters for the Cassegrain configuration used in the Atacama Large Milimeter Array (ALMA) project. Modifications on the original parameters are made so as to meet the design requirement of the offset configurations. To reduce spillover loss, we have adjusted the angle between the axis of the primary reflector and that of the sub-reflector to 0.20o. The results obtained from the physical optics computation show that the amplitude at the main lobe of the Gregorian configuration is approximately 74.02 dB, while that of the Cassegrain configuration is approximately 74 dB. The maximum (relative) side lobe level, SLLdB for the Cassegrain and Gregorian configurations are found as -3.67 dB and -3.69 dB respectively. Although the magnitude of the main lobe for both configurations is comparable, the Gregorian antenna gives relatively lower SLLdB. In other words, the Gregorian configuration performs relatively better than its Cassegrainian counterpart.


reflector antennas; Cassegrain offset; Gregorian offset; physical optics; radio telescopes

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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development