Appropriate Technology of Post Harvest Broccoli Quality Produced in Indonesia

Nurpilihan Bafdal, Carmencita Tjahjadi, Debby Sumanti Moodi, Totok Pujianto, Seok-In Hong, Dongman Kim


Broccoli is a highly economic crop in Indonesia, it is rich in vitamin and mineral and is a good source of vitamin A;  Pottasium; Folic acid ; Iron and Fiber.The best grows  of broccoli in area with a cool climate or high land; in West Java  cultivated of broccoli were at Lembang and Pangalengan. Broccoli is cultivated for its curd which should be dark green in color. The curd has diameter of 5-25 cm depending on soil conditions and variety.  Head of broccoli must be entirely green and all flower buds must be completely closed to be desirable. Quality factors for broccoli consist of curd density, greenness, and  absence of blemishes.The problem of broccoli is post harvest handling without appropriate technology and handling is still carried out by traditional method without hardly any starting or grading prior . The quality of the product can not be improved by post-harvest handling a lone, but is necessary for extending shelf-life. Post harvest handling covers the time span from product harvesting in the farm field until it  reaches the urban consumer through the market  The two main objectives of applying appropriate technology of post harvest of broccoli are to maintain quality and reduce losses between harvest and consumption A descriptive experiment  method was done and regression analysis consisting of two variables (dependent and independent) were employed with five treatments. The results showed were all treatment gave various results depend of packaging in a sealed and temperature. Low storage temperature in broccoli more important than type of packaging in maintaining sensory characteristics of the curd and reducing weight loss as well as decay scores. LPDE bag was best cold storage of broccoli curds.


broccoli; packaging; post harvest;storage; appropriate technology

Full Text:



J. O. Fisher, J. A. Mennella, S. O. Hughes, Y. Liu, P. M. Mendoza, and H. Patrick, “Offering ‘dip’ promotes intake of a moderately-liked raw vegetable among preschoolers with genetic sensitivity to bitterness,†J. Acad. Nutr. Diet., 2012.

M. M. Kushad et al., “Variation of glucosinolates in vegetable crops of Brassica oleracea,†J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999.

E. H. Jeffery et al., “Variation in content of bioactive components in broccoli,†Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 2003.

N. Bafdal, C. Tjahjadi, S.-I. Hong, D. Kim, D. S. Moody, and T. Pujianto, “Packaging Optimization for Transporting Broccoli at Low Temperature,†2007.

E. Ordiales et al., “Characteristics Defining Broccoli Cultivars from Different Seed Producers,†Int. J. Agron., vol. 2017, 2017.

K. P. Latté, K. E. Appel, and A. Lampen, “Health benefits and possible risks of broccoli - An overview,†Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2011.

M. L. Lemoine, P. M. Civello, G. A. Martínez, and A. R. Chaves, “Influence of postharvest UV-C treatment on refrigerated storage of minimally processed broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica),†J. Sci. Food Agric., 2007.

T. Sun, J. R. Powers, and J. Tang, “Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of asparagus, broccoli and their juices,†Food Chem., 2007.

D. A. Moreno, M. Carvajal, C. López-Berenguer, and C. García-Viguera, “Chemical and biological characterisation of nutraceutical compounds of broccoli,†Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. 2006.

D. Zhang and Y. Hamauzu, “Phenolics, ascorbic acid, carotenoids and antioxidant activity of broccoli and their changes during conventional and microwave cooking,†Food Chem., 2004.

A. Gliszczyńska-Świgło, E. Ciska, K. Pawlak-Lemańska, J. Chmielewski, T. Borkowski, and B. Tyrakowska, “Changes in the content of health-promoting compounds and antioxidant activity of broccoli after domestic processing,†Food Addit. Contam., 2006.

J. A. Villa-Rodriguez, H. Palafox-Carlos, E. M. Yahia, J. F. Ayala-Zavala, and G. A. Gonzalez-Aguilar, “Maintaining Antioxidant Potential of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables After Harvest,†Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 2015.

K. C. Gross, C. Y. Wang, and M. E. Saltveit, “The commercial storage of fruits, vegetables, and florist and nursery stocks,†Agric. Res. Serv. United States Dep. Agric., 2016.

J. C. Heaton and K. Jones, “Microbial contamination of fruit and vegetables and the behaviour of enteropathogens in the phyllosphere: A review,†Journal of Applied Microbiology. 2008.

M. E. Saltveit, “Effect of ethylene on quality of fresh fruits and vegetables,†Postharvest Biol. Technol., 1999.

P. M. A. Toivonen, “Postharvest physiology of fruits and vegetables,†in Postharvest Ripening Physiology of Crops, 2016.

M. Schreiner and S. Huyskens-Keil, “Phytochemicals in fruit and vegetables: Health promotion and postharvest elicitors,†Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences. 2006.

M. C. do N. Nunes, Color Atlas of Postharvest Quality of Fruits and Vegetables. 2008.

S. M. Aleid, “Postharvest Physiology, Processing and Packaging,†in Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, 2012.

M. S. Aghdam, L. Sevillano, F. B. Flores, and S. Bodbodak, “Heat shock proteins as biochemical markers for postharvest chilling stress in fruits and vegetables,†Scientia Horticulturae. 2013.

S. Shultz, “Broccoli,†J. Agric. Food Inf., 2013.

L. Kitinoja, S. Saran, S. K. Roy, and A. A. Kader, “Postharvest technology for developing countries: Challenges and opportunities in research, outreach and advocacy,†J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011.

M. V. Alvarez, A. G. Ponce, and M. del R. Moreira, “Antimicrobial efficiency of chitosan coating enriched with bioactive compounds to improve the safety of fresh cut broccoli,†LWT - Food Sci. Technol., 2013.

A. R. Vicente, G. A. Manganaris, G. O. Sozzi, and C. H. Crisosto, “Nutritional Quality of Fruits and Vegetables,†in Postharvest Handling, 2009.

A. A. Kader and D. M. Holcroft, “Postharvest: An Introduction to the Physiology and Handling of Fruit, Vegetables and Ornamentals,†Horttechnology, 2018.

S. K. Lee and A. A. Kader, “Preharvest and postharvest factors influencing vitamin C content of horticultural crops,†Postharvest Biology and Technology. 2000.

W. Florkowski, R. Shewfelt, B. Brueckner, and S. E. Prussia, Postharvest Handling. 2009.

G. B. Seymour, “Postharvest technology of horticultural crops,†Postharvest Biol. Technol., 1993.

H. R. El-Ramady, É. Domokos-Szabolcsy, N. A. Abdalla, H. S. Taha, and M. Fári, “Postharvest Management of Fruits and Vegetables Storage,†2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development