The Irony of Mineral Rich Island: the Root Cause of Poverty-Stricken Local Fisher in Bangka Island and the Proposed Empowerment Model

Muhamad Fadhil Nurdin, Hadiyanto A. Rachim, Budi Sutrisno, Aditya Candra Lesmana


Coastal communities in the Isle of Bangka Island are mostly living in poverty. Their life depends on activities associated with the fisheries sector, thus vulnerable to fluctuations of catchment due to seasonal fishing nature. On the other hand, the negative impact of modernization also led to excessive exploitation of marine resources and aggressive tin mining activities in the offshore that lead to marine pollution. This study aims to investigate major factor and the root cause of poverty trap facing by fisher community in Bangka Island. In addition, it intends to formulate the strategic model to alleviate the poverty of the fisher community in Bangka Island. Primary data collection in this study was carried out by using in-depth interviews and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with stakeholders involved in eradicating poverty in the fishing community. The result of this study shows that local fisher poverty is closely related to technology deployment. Local fishers have only possessed limited fish processing technology as well as limited fish catchment equipment. While at the same time, tin miners own advanced technology in supporting their activities. It is suggested that empowerment model for dealing with poverty in the fishing community emphasis on the urgency for cross-sector integration between the civil society organization (environment), the cooperative (business), fisher community, and local and central government in alleviating poverty. 


poverty; tin mining; fisher community; empowerment model.

Full Text:



(2012) The Friends of the Earth International website. [Online]. Available:

(2012) The Mongabay Website. [Online]. Available:

Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, “Technical guide to coastal and sea spatial planning,†Jakarta, 2006.

Kusnadi, Nelayan: Strategi Adaptasi dan Jaringan Sosial (Fishermen: Adaptation Strategy and Social Network), Bandung: Humaniora Utama Press, 2012.

D. Fatmasari, “Analisis sosial ekonomi dan budaya masyarakat pesisir Desa Waruduwur, Kecamatan Mundu, Kabupaten Cirebon (Social economy and cultural analysis of coastal communities in Desa Waraduwur, Kecamatan Mundu, Kabupaten Cirebon),†AL-AMWAL: Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi dan Perbankan Syari’ah, vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 144–166, 2014.

Kusnadi, Jaminan Sosial Nelayan (Social Insurance of Fishermen), Yogyakarta: LKIS Pelangi Aksara, 2007.

D. Naraya, R. Patel, K. Schafft, and Rademacher, “Voices of the poor: can anyone hear us?†Oxford University Press, New York, 2000.

M.F. Nurdin, Ed., Transformasi Pendekatan dan Strategi Membangun Masyarakat Melayu (Approach Transformation and Strategy in Developing Malay Communities), Pengajian Sastera dan Sosio Budaya Melayu Memasuki Alaf Baru. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Akademi Pengajian Melayu, Universiti Malaya, 1998.

M.F. Nurdin, Sociology and Welfare and Development, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Samudra Biru, 2015.

Pangkalpinang City Central Bureau of Statistics, “Pangkalpinang city in figures 2016,’ Pangkalpinang, 2016.

Rangkuti, “Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan nelayan (Analysis of factors influencing fishermen income),†Master Thesis, University of North Sumatera, Medan, 1995.

(2011) The Tempo website. [Online]. Available: 2011/10/11/090360822/Indonesia Hanya-Impor-Kentang-French-Fries.

S. Soekanto, Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar (Sosiology: An Introduction), Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 2014.

G. Sumodiningrat, Membangun Perekonomian Rakyat (Building Economic of the People), Yogyakarta: Pusaka Pelajar, 1998.

B. Suyanto, Perangkap Kemiskinan: Problem dan Strategi Pengentasannya (Poverty Trap: Problems and Coping Strategies), Surabaya: Airlangga University Press, 1995.

Desa Citemu, Kecamatan Mundu (Political ecology of coastal communities in Cirebon: A sketch from Desa Cimteu, Kecamatan Mundu),†Jurnal Yaqzhan: Analisis Filsafat, Agama dan Kemanusiaan Vol 4, No 1, 77 – 106, 2018.

M.P. Todaro, S.C. Smith, Pembangunan Ekonomi Dunia Ketiga (Economic Development of the Third World), Ninth edition, Erlangga: Jakarta, 2008.

C. Obi, “Oil and conflict in Nigeria’s Niger Delta region: Between the barrel and the trigger,†The Journal of Extractive Industries and Society, Vol.1, pp. 147-153, 2014.

L. Lawer, Jorgensen, “The neglected role of local institutions in the ‘resource curse’ debate. Limestone mining in the Krobo region of Ghana,†Resources Policy, Vol. 54, pp. 43-52, 2017.

X. Xu, C. Chen, “ ,†Resources Policy, Vol. 49, pp. 12-19, 2016.

S. Douglass, “Coal mining and the resource curse in the Eastern United Statesâ€, Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 57, Issue 4, 2017.

V. Clarke, V. Braun, "Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning, " The Psychologist, Vol. 6, Issue 2, pp: 120-123, 2013.

(2019) The Antara news website. [Online]. Available:

Hall, N. A., and Ralph Hall. Applied social research. Macmillan Education AU, 2008.

(2018) The Walhi website. [Online]. Available:

(2018) The Liputan6 website. [Online]. Available:

(2013) The Tribunnews website. [Online]. Available:

(2018) The Kumparan website. [Online]. Available:

(2013) The Timah website. [Online]. Available:

(2019) The BPS Babel website. [Online]. Available:

(2012) The Kompas website. [Online]. Available:

(2013) The Mongabay website. [Online]. Available:

Ana Menezes, Arne Eide and Jesper Raakejaer, Moving Out of Poverty: Conditions for Wealth Creation in Small-Scale Fisheries in Mozambique., Svein Jentoft Arne Eide Ed., Poverty Mosaics: Realities and Prospects in Small-Scale Fisheries. London: Springer, 2011.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development