Rice Yield Estimation Using Below Cloud Remote Sensing Images Acquired by Unmanned Airborne Vehicle System

C.C Teoh, N Mohd Nadzim, M.J Mohd Shahmihaizan, I Mohd Khairil Izani, K Faizal, H.B. Mohd Shukry


A method using unmanned airborne vehicle system (UAVS) and image processing technique to enable estimation of rice yield was developed. A digital Tetracam camera was mounted on a CropCam unmanned airborne vehicle (UAV) to acquire red (R), green (G) and near infrared (NIR) images of rice crops at the height of 300 m above ground.  NIR and R values were used to calculate normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) value. Relationships between yield versus R, G, NIR and NDVI values were analysed. Results showed that the highest relationship was found in NDVI followed by R, G and NIR with coefficient of determination (r2) values of 0.748, 0.727, 0.395 and 0.014 respectively. Therefore, a yield estimation model using NDVI value was developed from the linear regression analysis. The results showed that the model was capable of estimating rice yield with an average accuracy value of 80.3%.


Unmanned airborne vehicle system; below cloud remote sensing; normalised difference vegetation index; rice yield estimation; linear regression analysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.6.4.898


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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development