Analyzing the Performances of WSNs Routing Protocols in Grid-Based Clustering

Begared Salih Hassen, Samir Abdul-Sattar Lafta, Haeeder M. Noman, Adnan Hussein Ali


Nowadays wireless sensor networks (WSNs) became a modern research theme owing to the various applications range in assorted fields. Clustering considered from the more efficient techniques for solving the WSN drawbacks of energy consumption. The grid-based cluster has definitely done its effectiveness, especially for networks with high dynamic, all nodes in the clusters represented and the values of data are collected from sensor nodes by the cluster head (CH). For balancing the energy consumption with network traffic, the (CH) must be exchanged between all sensor nodes and the cluster size ought to be closely determined at different network parts. The most important issues for WSN is developing an energy-efficient algorithm by Grid-based clustering for improving the network lifetime, reduced cost, and increasing the network reliability. The equipment of the sensor nodes attached with limited power sources, the Grid-Based Clustering algorithm (GBC), therefore efficiently employing the energy of the sensor nodes can preserve a prolongation of the network lifetime. The network Performances of the sensor node are largely based on the application of the routing protocols, three routing protocols OLSR, AODV, and DSR in grid-based cluster WSN are evaluated by using Qualnet simulator. The results show DSR outperforms in the range of throughput, and end to end delay, while the AODV can be considered as the best in the package delivery ratio PDR with compared to others.


grid-based clustering; routing protocols; WSN; qualnet.

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