The Effect of Addition of Waste Strapping Band on Gap Graded Concrete

Natsir Abduh, Gufran Darma Dirawan


The study aimed to determine the effect of compressive strength and split tensile strength of gap graded concrete with the addition of strapping band waste variations of 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5% of the weight of cement. The study was conducted at the Materials and Concrete Laboratory of Bosowa University-Makassar. Quantitative research with experimental studies through the DoE (Design of Experiment) method conducted at the Materials and Concrete Laboratory of the Faculty of Engineering, Bosowa-Makassar University. The study design was carried out on the quality of concrete f'c 20 Mpa. Normal concrete testing has a graded grade, obtained by concrete compressive strength of an average of 23.52 MPa. Gap graded concrete with the addition of fiber strapping band as much as 0.5% of the weight of cement, obtained by compressive strength of concrete at an average of 24.06 Mpa. Compressive strength of an average of 26.04 Mpa obtained the addition of fiber strapping band waste as much as 1.0%. Concrete compressive strength of an average of 20.48 MPa gained addition of 1.5% fiber strapping band waste. The concrete tensile strength of an average of 1.463 MPa gained normal graded concrete testing. The concrete tensile strength of an average of 1.557 MPa achieved Gap graded concrete with the addition of fiber strapping band as much as 0.5% of the weight of the cement. The concrete tensile strength of an average of 2.548 MPa attained the addition of 1.0% fiber strapping band waste. Finally, the concrete tensile strength of an average of 1.982 Mpa found addition of 1.5% fiber strapping band waste.


gap graded concrete; concrete compressive strength; concrete tensile strength; waste strapping band.

Full Text:



T. R. Naik, “Sustainability of concrete construction,†Pract. Period. Struct. Des. Constr., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 98–103, 2008.

A. Neville and P.-C. Aitcin, “High performance concrete—an overview,†Mater. Struct., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 111–117, 1998.

K. K. Sagoe-Crentsil, T. Brown, and A. H. Taylor, “Performance of concrete made with commercially produced coarse recycled concrete aggregate,†Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 707–712, 2001.

G. H. Tattersall, Workability and quality control of concrete. CRC Press, 1991.

M. Tavakoli and P. Soroushian, “Strengths of recycled aggregate concrete made using field-demolished concrete as aggregate,†Mater. J., vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 178–181, 1996.

S. Lotfi, J. Deja, P. Rem, R. Mróz, E. van Roekel, and H. van der Stelt, “Mechanical recycling of EOL concrete into high-grade aggregates,†Resour. Conserv. Recycl., vol. 87, pp. 117–125, 2014.

S. W. Tabsh and A. S. Abdelfatah, “Influence of recycled concrete aggregates on strength properties of concrete,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 1163–1167, 2009.

J. Purnomo, I. N. Saputro, and S. Sumarni, “Pengaruh Penggunaan Citric Acid sebagai Retarder pada Beton terhadap Waktu Pengikatan Semen, Kecelakaan Beton Segar dan Kuat Tekan Beton,†vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 18–27, 2018.

A. R. Asrib, M. N. Abduh, and G. D. Dirawan, “Environmental sustainability: The case of the Sultan Hasanuddin International airport, Makassar, South Sulawesi,†World Trans. Eng. Technol. Educ., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 431–437, 2016.

Z. Z. Ismail and E. A. Al-Hashmi, “Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement,†Waste Manag., vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 2041–2047, 2008.

C. Meyer, “The greening of the concrete industry,†Cem. Concr. Compos., vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 601–605, 2009.

W. Chen, T. M. Pham, H. Sichembe, L. Chen, and H. Hao, “Experimental study of flexural behaviour of RC beams strengthened by longitudinal and U-shaped basalt FRP sheet,†Compos. Part B Eng., vol. 134, pp. 114–126, 2018.

S. P. Shah and B. V. Rangan, “Fiber reinforced concrete properties,†in Journal Proceedings, 1971, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 126–137.

A. E. Naaman, “New fiber technology (cement, ceramic, and polymeric composites),†Concr. Int., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 57–62, 1998.

M. Perez-Pena and B. Mobasher, “Mechanical properties of fiber reinforced lightweight concrete composites,†Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1121–1132, 1994.

C. T. Gazda and J. M. Lalikos, “Poly-polymer plastic material and device made therefrom.†Google Patents, 21-Oct-1975.

P. Gunawan, W. Wibowo, and N. Suryawan, “Pengaruh Penambahan Serat Polypropylene pada Betonringan Dengan Teknologi Foam Terhadap Kuat Tekan, Kuat Tarik Belah dan Modulus Elastisitas,†Matriks Tek. Sipil, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 206–213, 2014.

National Standardization Agency, “Indonesian National Standard SNI,†03-3449–2002, 2002.

V. S. Ramachandran, Concrete Admixtures Handbook: Properties, Science and Technology. Elsevier Science, 1996.

D. C. Teychenné, R. E. Franklin, H. C. Erntroy, D. W. Hobbs, and B. K. Marsh, Design of Normal Concrete Mixes. IHS BRE Press, 2005.

Y.-W. Chan and V. C. Li, “Age effect on the characteristics of fibre/cement interfacial properties,†J. Mater. Sci., vol. 32, no. 19, pp. 5287–5292, 1997.

R. H. Bogue, The chemistry of Portland cement, vol. 79, no. 4. LWW, 1955.

National Standardization Agency, “Indonesian National Standard SNI,†15-2049–2004, 2004.

B. W. H. Langer, Natural Aggregates of the Conterminous United States. U.S. Geological Survey bulletin, 1993.

H. Widhiarto and B. Sujatimiko, “Analisis Campuran Beton Berpori Dengan Agregat Bergradasi Terpisah Ditinjau Terhadap Mutu dan Biaya,†Extrapolasi J. Tek. Sipil Untag Surabaya, vol. 05, no. 02, pp. 24–30, 2012.

R. M. Anderson and H. U. Bahia, “Evaluation and Selection of Aggregate Gradations for Asphalt Mixtures Using Superpave,†Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board, vol. 1583, no. 1, pp. 91–97, Jan. 1997.

G. A. Khoury, “Compressive strength of concrete at high temperatures: a reassessment,†Mag. Concr. Res., vol. 44, no. 161, pp. 291–309, Dec. 1992.

H. L. Malhotra, “The effect of temperature on the compressive strength of concrete,†Mag. Concr. Res., vol. 8, no. 23, pp. 85–94, Aug. 1956.

J. M. Raphael, “Tensile Strength of Concrete,†ACI J. Proc., vol. 81, no. 2.

D.-H. Shen, M.-F. Kuo, and J.-C. Du, “Properties of gap-aggregate gradation asphalt mixture and permanent deformation,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 147–153, Mar. 2005.

E. Pratama and E. S. Hisyam, “Kajian Kuat Tekan dan Kuat Tarik Belah Beton Kertas (Papercrete) dengan Bahan Tambah Serat Nylon,†in Forum Profesional Teknik Sipil, 2016, vol. 4, no. 1.

W. Kartini, “Penggunaan Serat Polypropylene Untuk Meningkatkan Kuat Tarik Belah Beton,†J. Rekayasa Perenc., vol. 4, no. 1, 2007.

L. Rahmadianty, H. Mazaya, D. Purwanto, and R. Y. Adi, “Analisa Campuran Beton Dengan Perbandingan Volume Dan Pengamatan Karakteristik Beton Mutu Sedang,†J. KARYA Tek. SIPIL, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 55–69, 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development