Pedestrian Facilities as a Part of Road Infrastructure Resilience in Large Cities in Indonesia

Anastasia Caroline Sutandi, Paulus P Rahardjo, Agus Taufik Mulyono, Said Gavin Alavi


Road infrastructure resilience is critical to reach disaster resilience. Disaster not only occurs and impacts the location outside cities, but also in an area with a large number of the population, like cities. In large cities, pedestrian facilities are the important road infrastructure facilities besides roadway infrastructure, both in the normal daily condition and during evacuation if there is a disaster. Unfortunately, pedestrian facilities in the city are not yet seriously taken into account. The aim of this paper is, first, identification of the availability of pedestrian facilities, second, fulfillment of the facilities based on the regulation in Indonesia, and third, recommendation to implement items of pedestrian facilities based on pedestrians’ opinion. Case study is carried out on two major roads in a large city, Bandung, Indonesia, with a high number of pedestrians because there are various activities happening along the streets, for example, working, studying, shopping, and sightseeing. The method used is an interview, questionnaire, and essential performance analysis, with 18 pedestrian facility indicators — seven hundred and eighty-two pedestrians as respondents involved in this paper. The analysis is done based on respondent demographics and based on significant rate and priority rate of respondents’ opinion. Results indicated that not all of the pedestrian facilities had been implemented according to regulation in Indonesia. Furthermore. based on respondents’ opinion, the most important and priority items of pedestrian facilities to be applied as soon as possible are street lighting, pedestrian ramps for disabled persons, CCTV, and trash bins. Fulfillment of all pedestrian facilities will enhance road infrastructure resilience through reduction of casualty if no disaster occurs and through reduction of risk during evacuation if disaster occurs.


pedestrian facilities; road infrastructure resilience; large cities; Indonesia.

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