Kualanamu International Airport: Current Development toward Aerotropolis

Tri Sefrus, Sigit Priyanto, Danang Parikesit, - Dewanti, M. Zudhy Irawan


Nowadays, an airport is no only a place for passengers to come and go, but it plays a significant role in developing and driving the local economy. Realize or not, there will be urban areas that offer connectivity at the airport (aerotropolis), and each airport has different aerotropolis potential. This study aims to analyze changes occurring around Kualanamu International Airport during the pre-construction and post-construction of the airport in 2007 and 2013. Six of the seven criteria of the establishment of aerotropolis show positive results, including air traffic, connectivity, sustainable development, economic income, government support, and Demographics. Significant growth was seen in the added value of the industry, the size of the industrial area, and the increase in GDP per capita. The added value of the industry has an average growth of 99.72% per year from the previous only 1.4% per year, the total area of the industry increased to 780 hectares from the previous only 200 hectares, and the GRDP also more than doubled. The only criterion that has not shown a positive potential is the status of ownership and management by the private sector because until now there has been no partnership in managing Kualanamu International Airport. To realize the development of the concept of aerotropolis in this region, the role of government and stakeholders is needed, both for policies related to aerotopolis development, public-private partnership discourse, the form of partnership, the concession period, and its contribution to the area around the airport.


Kualanamu; aerotropolis; transportation; airport; public-private partnership.

Full Text:



Kasarda, J. D. (2000) The aerotropolis: airport-driven commercial development. In Urban Land Institute Europe Summer Conference-Airport and Rail Centres: Emerging Property Development Opportunities, 32-41. Available: http://aerotropolisbusinessconcepts.aero/wpcontent/uploads/2014/08/25_AerotropolisAirportDrivenUrbanDevelopment2.pdf

Kasarda, J. D. (2007) Airport cities & the aerotropolis: new planning models. An Interview with John D. Kasarda. Airport Innovation, (4):106-110. Available: http://www.aerotropolis.com/files/2007_04_AirportInnovation_NewPLanningModels.pdf

Stenvert, R & Penfold, A. (2007) Container Port Strategy: Emerging Issues. Chertsey: Ocean Shipping Consultants.

Zhou, Y. (2011) Developing the city of Hapeville into the future airport city: An application of the aerotropolis concept. School of City and Regional Planning: Georgia Institute of Technology. Available: https://smartech.gatech.edu/bitstream/handle/1853/40804/YouZhou_Developing+the+City+of+Hapeville+into+the+Future+Airport+City.pdf?sequence=1

Yin, M. (2011) Airport as city. Atlantis, 22(3). Available: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:79579707-48e7-40fb-9212-d69de171e502

Wijk, M. V. (2007) Airports as city ports in the city-region. Doctoral thesis, Nederlandse Geografische Studies, Utrecht University. Available: https://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/19173

Neufville, R. D dan Odoni, A. R. (2003) Airport systems: planning, design, and management. In Lucy Budd & Stephen Ison (Eds.). Air Transport Management: An International Perspective (pp61-78). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Poungias, P. (2009) Airport city developments: an airport investor’s perspective. Journal of Air Transport Management, 4(1):14–22. Available: http://www.henrystewart.com/jam.aspx%22

Kelly, D and Baker, D. C. (2007) The integration of risk management into the design of the airport metropolis. Proceedings Inhabiting Risk IDEA Conference, (pp 9-16). Wellington: New Zealand. Available: https://eprints.qut.edu.au/8619/1/8619.pdf

Derudder, B., Devriendt, L., & Witlox, F. (2010) A spatial analysis of multiple airport cities. Journal of Transport Geography, 18(3): 345-353. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2009.09.007

Callanan, J. (2016) Impact of aerotropolis on urban growth and related commercial activity. In 22nd Annual Pacific-Rim Real Estate Society Conference (pp. 17-20). Available: http://www.prres.net/papers/Callanan_Judith_IMPACT_OF_AEROTROPOLIS%20.pdf

Krylova, M. (2016) Potentials for the development of 'airport city†concept in Russia. Darmstadt: International Cooperation and Urban Development. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313793778_Potentials_for_the_development_of_Airport_City_concept_in_Russia

Keast, R.L., Baker, D.C., and Brown, K. (2008) Sustainable airport infrastructure: balancing infrastructures for the airport metropolis. In International Conference on Infrastructure Systems: Building Networks for a Brighter Future, pp. 1–7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109%2FINFRA.2008.5439666

Freestone, R. (2009) Planning, sustainability, and airport-led urban development. International Planning Studies, 14(2): 161-176. Available: https://doi.org/10.1080/13563470903021217

Hovee, E.D., and Yosick, B. (2009) Portland airport futures: economic development inventory. City of Portland Bureau of Planning & Sustainability. Available: https://popcdn.azureedge.net/pdfs/PDX_Airport_Ftrs_EcnmcDvlpmntInvntry.pdf

Carter, D. K., & Danes, S. (2011) Pittsburgh International Airport area development vision plan (aerotropolis). Carnegie Mellon University : Aerotropolis Business Concepts. Available: http://repository.cmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1085&context=architecture

Ashford, N. J., Mumayiz, S., & Wright, P. H. (2011) Airport engineering: planning, design, and development of 21st Century Airports. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons

Peneda, M., Reis, V., & Macário, M. (2011). Critical factors for development of airport cities. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2214), 1-9. Available: https://doi.org/10.3141/2214-01

Zepezauer, F. (2012) Regional airports and urban development of small cities in the US. University of Florida: A Case Study about Gainesville Regional Airport and its Effects on the Economic Development of Gainesville, Florida. Available: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/neurus/Fabian_Zepezauer.pdf

Appold, S. J. (2013). The extent and reasons for U.S. airport city development. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Available: https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2333302

Siska, M. (2014) How to convert a regional airport into an 'airport city' in central Europe: The 'airLED' project. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 191: 943-954. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/SC140802

Graham, A. (2009) How important are commercial revenues to today's airports? Journal of Air Transport Management, 15(3): 106-111. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2008.11.004

Stevens, N., Baker, D., & Freestone, R. (2010) Airports in their urban settings: towards a conceptual model of interfaces in the Australian context. Journal of Transport Geography, 18(2): 276-284. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2009.05.007

Walker, A. R., & Baker, D. C. (2010) A planning support system for airport city development. In Proceedings of the 14th Air Transport Research Society Conference. no. July, pp. 6–9. Available: https://eprints.qut.edu.au/34140/1/c34140.pdf

Banai, R. (2017) The aerotropolis: Urban sustainability perspectives from the regional city. Journal of Transport and Land Use, 10(1): 357-373. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2016.889

Regmi, U. K. (2013) Current developments and future trends in airport ownership and governance. Available: https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/id/117830/Trial_Lecture_Regmi.pdf

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.10.2.7999


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development