Real-Time Implementation of Starting Current Limitation Method for Cereals Milling Systems Using dSPACE R&D Controller Board

Moustapha Diop, Samba Gueye, Oumar Ba, Lamine Thiaw

Abstract


In this paper, a starting current limitation method of a cereals milling system powered by a photovoltaic micro-grid is proposed. Today, the milling system consisting of a locally designed hammer mill driven by an induction motor is recognized as an innovative and efficient cereal milling solution. For this purpose, they are increasingly being developed in urban and rural areas. Although they offer many advantages, they have some limitations, such as the electromagnetic torque oscillations and the high inrush current at startup. A starting current limitation method based on soft starting technique is proposed to mitigate these negative effects in the transient state. To develop the proposed method, the scalar control principle is used. The scalar control is a simple technique, and it is operated to control the voltage magnitude and the supply frequency. The proposed method has been simulated and compared to conventional direct-on-line starting to evaluate its performance. Simulation results show that the method achieves a predominant performance over the conventional, providing a significant reduction in inrush current while having a lower electromagnetic torque ripple. To validate the method in real-time, an experimental test environment was developed using a dSPACE R&D 1104 controller board, an induction motor, and a SEMIKRON converter. Real-time experimental results show positive feedback on the proposed current limitation method's efficiency and effectiveness by corroborating the simulation results.


Keywords


Cereals milling system; dSPACE R&D 1104 controller board; induction motor; inrush current; soft starting.

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. Pérez-bonilla, M. Frikha, R. P. Lázaro, and G. G. Mateos, “Type of grinding of the main cereal of the diet affects production of brown egg-laying hens,” vol. 194, pp. 121–130, 2014.

I. Aprodu and I. Banu, “Milling, functional and thermo-mechanical properties of wheat , rye, triticale, barley and oat,” J. Cereal Sci., vol. 77, pp. 42–48, 2017.

C. Verucchi, C. Ruschetti, E. Giraldo, G. Bossio, and J. Bossio, “Efficiency optimization in small induction motors using magnetic slot wedges,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 152, pp. 1–8, Nov. 2017.

A. Narendra, N. V. Naik, A. K. Panda, and N. Tiwary, “A Comprehensive Review of PV Driven Electrical Motors,” Sol. Energy, vol. 195, no. 2018, pp. 278–303, 2020.

L. Alberto et al., “Performance estimation of three-phase induction motors from no-load startup test without speed acquisition,” ISA Trans., vol. 96, pp. 376–389, 2020.

M. B. Payán et al., “Techno-economic optimal power rating of induction motors,” Appl. Energy, vol. 240, pp. 1031–1048, 2019.

A. A. M. Faizal and P. Subburaj, “Intelligence Based Soft Starting Scheme for the Three Phase Squirrel Cage Induction Motor with Extinction Angle AC Voltage Controller,” Circuits Syst., vol. 7, no. July, pp. 2752–2770, 2016.

M. Jannati et al., “A review on Variable Speed Control techniques for efficient control of Single-Phase Induction Motors: Evolution, classification, comparison,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 75, pp. 1306–1319, 2017.

M. Akbaba, “A novel simple method for elimination of DOL starting transient torque pulsations of three-phase induction motors,” Eng. Sci. Technol. an Int. J., no. (In Press, Corrected Proof), 2020.

A. G. Arun Tomar, “Starting Time Calculation for Induction Motor,” J. Electr. Electron. Syst., vol. 04, no. 02, pp. 2–5, 2015.

A. Satpute, S. Tambe, V. Shinde, and P. Mone, “Soft starting of three phase induction motor,” Int. J. Res. Trends Innov., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 4–5, 2017.

J. Chen, J. Li, and R. Qu, “A Restart Strategy of a Rotating Induction Machine for Inrush Current Elimination,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. (Early Access ), 2020.

S. Pandey, S. Bahadure, K. Kanakgiri, and N. M. Singh, “Two-phase soft start control of three-phase induction motor,” in 2016 IEEE 6th International Conference on Power Systems, 2016.

M. Habyarimana and D. G. Dorrell, “Methods to Reduce the Starting Current of an Induction Motor,” 2017 IEEE Int. Conf. Power, Control. Signals Instrum. Eng., pp. 34–38, 2017.

A. Trianni, E. Cagno, and D. Accordini, “Energy efficiency measures in electric motors systems : A novel classification highlighting specific implications in their adoption,” Appl. Energy, vol. 252, p. 113481, 2019.

K. Sinan, O. Tolga, and O. Yuksel, “Design and implementation of based asynchronous motor voltage / frequency speed control circuit for the ventilation systems of vehicles,” Meas. Control, vol. 52, no. 7–8, pp. 1039–1047, 2019.

M. E Abid, “Adjustable Speed Drive of Asynchronous Machine Using Volt / Hz & PI Technique,” 2018 IEEE Int. Students’ Conf. Electr. Electron. Comput. Sci., pp. 1–5, 2018.

F. Wang, Z. Zhang, X. Mei, J. Rodríguez, and R. Kennel, “Advanced control strategies of induction machine: Field oriented control, direct torque control and model predictive control,” Energies, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2018.

A. Hmidet and B. Olfa, “Real-Time Low-Cost Speed Monitoring and Control of Three-Phase Induction Motor via a Voltage/Frequency,” Math. Probl. Eng., no. ID 6913813, 2020.

M. Diop, W. Khiari, L. Thiaw, M. Turki, and J. Belhadj, “Characterization and control of a craft mill driven by induction motor fed by photovoltaic mini-grid,” Proc. Int. Conf. Recent Adv. Electr. Syst. Tunis., pp. 119–124, 2016.

A. Nouri, I. Salhi, E. Elwarraki, S. El Beid, and N. Essounbouli, “DSP-based implementation of a self-tuning fuzzy controller for three-level boost converter,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 146, pp. 286–297, 2017.

E. Mourabit et al., “Implementation and validation of backstepping control for PMSG wind turbine using dSPACE controller board,” Energy Reports, vol. 5, pp. 807–821, 2019.

S. Mensou et al., “Dspace DS1104 Implementation of a Robust Nonlinear Controller Applied for DFIG Driven by Wind Turbine,” Renew. Energy, vol. 147, no. Part 1, pp. 1759–1771, 2019.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.2.7614

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development