A Challenge in Providing Housing Land and Sustainable Agricultural Land; An Effort to Meet The Backlog of Housing and Food Security in West Sumatra

- Yossyafra, Melinda Noer, Rini Hakimi, Muhamad Reza


Population growth in urban areas tends to be faster than in rural areas; it is due to various factors. Population growth has increased housing demand. The need for housing should be filled with the provision of land and houses. The most common problems in urban housing provision are less urban land available for housing and higher the price. It is happening in cities of West Sumatra, changed of agricultural land (rice field) into housing although the Government of the Republic of Indonesia has issued Act No.26 / 2007 on Spatial Planning, which sets the land allotment for spatial in Indonesia. Supporting this, in the year 2009, the Indonesian government issued, Indonesian Act No. 41/ 2009 on Sustainable Land Farming Protection, concerning on sustainable land for food agriculture, that agricultural land must be maintained in order to produce agricultural products. This paper describes to what extent of the conversion of agriculture land into housing in the last five years in several regions in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Illustrate the process of transferring land functions (from rice filed to housing), which is permitted by government regulations. This study shows that there has been a relatively significant change in the function of a rice field in urban areas. The lack of government records on land use change needs to be an important note. A legal product is governing the conversion of agricultural land, Law enforcement of spatial use rules, detailed spatial plan, reliable maps as a reference (Spatial Planning) in determining the land use of the proposed location for the house to be built, should be of particular concern by the government. It is necessary to coordinate and integrate housing and agricultural planning so that housing construction can meet the needs of the house, on the other hand, the need for rice product can be produced without having to reduce agricultural land.


land used; housing land; sustainable agriculture land.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.8.6.7262


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