Usability of ReSt Module Using Four-Step Approach Based on Case Study Example and Infographic for SPSS Novice Users

Azura Ishak, Rosseni Din, Hazura Mohamed


The application of analysis data software packages, such as SPSS, appears challenging for those who lack experience in quantitative researches particularly amongst novice users. Prior studies have proven that SPSS novice users face some difficulties in analyzing data correctly for their research purposes. The existing modules that serve as references are insufficiently interesting to promote SPSS learning and does not support on students’ cognitive ability.  Hence, a module using four-step approach based on learning via case study example and infographic called ‘ReSt’ module was developed as an effort to assist novice users in learning quantitative data analysis methods using the SPSS. With that, the research design employed in this study was the survey method in order to determine the ReSt module usability level perception. A total of 78 novice users who comprised of undergraduate and postgraduate students participated in this research throughout a two-day SPSS basic course in order to evaluate their perception regarding the usability level of the module.  A usability questionnaire categorized four primary domains, which are usefulness, ease of use, ease of learning, and satisfaction was applied to evaluate the ReSt module usability level perception.  The outcomes revealed that the usability level of the proposed module had been high among the novice users, for the contexts of usefulness, ease of use, ease of learning, and satisfaction. Therefore, the use of the ReSt module for SPSS novice users is indeed relevant and appropriate, thus fulfill the usability amongst novice users to function as a reference in data analysis learning using the SPSS, especially amongst core quantitative researchers.


Usability; example-based leaning; infographic; SPSS, novice

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