Enhanced Buffer Management Policy and Packet Prioritization for Wireless Sensor Network

Abdiwahab A Rabileh, Khairul Azmi Abu Bakar, Rajina R Mohamed, Mohamad A Mohamad


Limited storage of the sensor node is one of the main causes of packet drop in the Wireless sensor network (WSN).   Frequent link disconnection is also another cause of packet drop.  Due to lack of continues end-to-end connection; two nodes may not be able to communicate with one another. Thus, communication may be established with the help of store and forward approach between the source and destination node. In that case, the sensor node may not be capable of storing a chunk of data since the buffer is available in a small amount. In order to store the data packets in the buffer when the link is down, an effective buffer management scheme is highly needed to keep the data packets for a long time until the link is re-established. This paper proposes a new buffer management scheme called Packet Priority Heterogonous Queue (PPHQ), which based on prioritizing and classifying the packets into different categories to minimize the loss of important packets. Unlike the existing Multi-layer WSN, that treats the data packets differently; we considered the data packets such as; temperature, humidity, and pressure to be same. However, the classification of different packet types is based on the sensor’s information value.  We completely divide the whole buffer into different queues, and thus the newly arrived packets are inserted in their corresponding queue. The buffer will then prioritize and schedule on which packet to be stored or transmit first when the buffer is overloaded. Our result exhibits that PPHQ scheme indeed provides minimum packet drop as well as maximum throughput compared to existing Multi-layer WSN buffer management schemes.


Wireless sensor network, buffer management, packet drop, Packet priority

Full Text:



H. Zainol Abidin, N. Md. Din, N. A. Mohamed Radzi, and Z. I. Rizman, “A Review on Sensor Node Placement Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, p. 190, 2017.

A. L. I. A. Ali, K. Azmi, and A. B. U. Bakar, “Energy Aware Fault Tolerance Topology,†J. Theor. Appl. Inf. Technol., vol. 96, no. 3, 2018.

H. N. Ch and T. N. Hu, “A Comparative Study on Hardware Platforms for Wireless Sensor Networks,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 70–74, 2012.

C. Pham, “Communication performances of IEEE 802.15.4 wireless sensor motes for data-intensive applications: A comparison of WaspMote, Arduino MEGA, TelosB, MicaZ and iMote2 for image surveillance,†J. Netw. Comput. Appl., 2014.

A. Berger, M. Pichler, J. Klinglmayr, A. Pötsch, and A. Springer, “Low-Complex Synchronization Algorithms for Embedded Wireless Sensor Networks,†IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 2015.

A. Alanazi and K. Elleithy, “Buffer-overflow and noise-handling model: Guaranteeing quality of service routing for wireless multimedia sensor networks,†Asian J. Sci. Res., 2016.

C. C. Sobin, “An Efficient Buffer Management Policy for DTN,†in Procedia Computer Science, 2016.

M. Aamir and M. A. Zaidi, “A buffer management scheme for packet queues in MANET,†Tsinghua Science and Technology. 2013.

M. Tareq, R. Alsaqour, M. Abdelhaq, and M. Uddin, “Mobile ad hoc network energy cost algorithm based on artificial bee colony,†Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput., vol. 2017, 2017.

M. Papadopoulos, C. X. Mavromoustakis, G. Skourletopoulos, G. Mastorakis, and E. Pallis, “Performance analysis of reactive routing protocols in Mobile Ad hoc Networks,†2014 Int. Conf. Telecommun. Multimed., vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 104–110, 2014.

H. Y. Shwe, H. Gacanin, and F. Adachi, “Multi-layer WSN with power efficient buffer management policy,†in 12th IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems 2010, ICCS 2010, 2010.

W. Shu, K. Padmanabh, and P. Gupta, “Prioritized buffer management policy for wireless sensor nodes,†in Proceedings - International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, AINA, 2009.

N. Nasser, L. Karim, and T. Taleb, “Dynamic multilevel priority packet scheduling scheme for wireless sensor network,†IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun., 2013.

M. R. Lyu, “Congestion performance improvement in wireless sensor networks,†2012 IEEE Aerosp. Conf., 2012.

L. Feng, W. Wang, T. Qiu, W. Sun, and Y. Zhou, “Queueing-Network-Based Delay Analysis and Path Selection Improvement of Wireless Sensor Network,†Sens. Lett., 2013.

O. Boroumand, M. Kalemati, and M. Abbaspour, “A new queuing management mechanism for congestion performance improvement in wireless multimedia sensor networks,†in 2012 6th International Symposium on Telecommunications, IST 2012, 2012.

S. Jardosh, N. Zunnun, P. Ranjan, and S. Srivastava, “Effect of network coding on buffer management in wireless sensor network,†ISSNIP 2008 - Proc. 2008 Int. Conf. Intell. Sensors, Sens. Networks Inf. Process., 2008.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.8.4-2.6811


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development