Improved Knowledge and Attitude about Healthy Snack at School through Peer Education

Reni Asmara Ariga, Sri Budi Astuti, Fajar Amanah Ariga, Selviani Ariga


The consumption of snacks becomes a habit of the children. The habit finds at all the socioeconomic level of society and at all the age level of children, especially in the school-age children. The peer educator is an education given to peer group which aims to increase knowledge, skill for a group member, especially in the health sector, including nutrition requirement for body covering balanced nutrition, healthy diet, prevention of dietary deviation, balanced menu arrangement, and proper nutrition when exercising. The peer education about nutrition for school children include nutritional needs, regulate health and nutritious snacks, meals to prevent the occurrence of illness due to errors in consuming the type of food. This study was aimed to determine the improved knowledge and attitude of students about the healthy snacks thought peer education. The study used a Quasi-experimental design. The sample of the research consists of 35 students. The result of the study shows that peer education increases the knowledge of 33 students (94,3%) in the good category and increase the attitude of 35 students (100%) good category. The results of the study suggested that the school administrators should select the food that had been sold in the canteen and optimized the UKS program for teachers, staff, and students. The school administration should talk about healthy snacks to the parents of children.


knowledge; attitude; healthy snacks; peer education.

Full Text:



“Annual Report at 2016†Republic of Indonesia Drug and Food Supervisory Agency, Jakarta, Indonesia

Government Regulation Number 033 of 2012 about Food Additives, Health Ministry of Indonesia, Indonesia

Rahmi, “Hygiene and Sanitation Overview of Food Management of PT Nuasa Boga Sehatama in 2011†Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta. 2015

Purtiantini, †Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Mengenai Pemilihan Makanan Jajanan Dengan Perilaku Anak Memilih Makanan di SDIT Muhammaiyah Al Kautsar Gumpang Kartasura.†Faculty of Health Science Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. 2010.

Promkes, Science of Nutrition, Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2013

P Yulianingsih , “Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and the Attitudes of Elementary School Children in Choosing Snack Food at Ibtidaiyah Tanjunganom Madrasah, Baturetno Sub-District, Wonogiriâ€. Thesis. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.2009

Siswanti and Kusno, Nutrition dan Healthy Lifestyles. Bandung: CV. Yrama Widya, 2010

“Be careful not to take care of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia†Departement of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

(2012) EFSA website. [online]. Availabel

(2013). NIDM website. [Online]. 10-13.pdf

Amalia, “Relationship between Food and Health Knowledge with the Frequency of Snack Food Consumption in Laboratory Elementary School Children†Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang. 2013

R. A. Ariga, “Higher education curriculum design graduate program that refer to National Qualifications Framework for Indonesia (KKNI) and National Standard of Higher Education (SNPT) to be applied in the Universitas Sumatera Utara†International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research Vol. 15, pp. 271-277, January 2017

T. Kohri, N. Kaba, “Study of the effects of snack centered dietary education on first-grade elementary students and duration of these effects†American Journal of Public Health Research, Vol. 3, pp 1 – 7, Jan 2015

Z. Saedi, R. vakili, A. Ghazizadeh, M. Saedi, “The Effect of Diet on Learning of Junior High School Students in Mashhad†Int J Pediatr, Vol. 3, pp 17 – 26, Feb 2015

M. Sigit, E. Nurachmah, J. Sahar, and S. Parasetyo, “Model Kolaborasi Guru, Siswa, Dan Keluarga (Kogusiga) Meningkatkan Pengetahuan Dan Keterampilan Guru Tentang Keamanan Makanan Anak Sekolah†Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesiaâ€., Vol.20, pp. 110 – 117, Juli 2017

Lee, J, S. Jeong, G. Park, H. Park, “Development of a food safety and nutrition education program for adolescents by applying social cognitive theory†Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives, 7 (4), 248–260, 2017

J. Zahra, N. Arezoo, T. Reza, The evaluation of the effects of educational intervention based on the planned behavior theory on the reduction of unhealthy snack consumption among Kermanshah elementary school students, 2015-2016. International Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences, vol. 5, pp 67 – 75, Jun 2016

Yip, C., Michellle G., Allison G., Rhona M H, “Peer-Led Nutrition Education Programs For School-Aged Youth: A Systematic Review Of The Literature†Health Education Research. Vol.31, pp. 82–97, Jan 2016.

Ghaffari, M., Hossein H., Sakineh R., Heshmat K, “Effectiveness of Snack-centered Nutrition Education on Promoting Knowledge, Attitude, and Nutritional Behaviors in Elementary Students†Int J Pediatr Vol. 5. pp. 6495-6502, May 2017

Saputri and Krisnawani, “Increased Knowledge and Attitude in The Selection of Healthy Snacks Using Snake Ladder Education Tools.“Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga

Rifka, “Relationship between Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Safe Snacks with Behavior in Choosing Snacks in Class V Students of Cipayung 2 Elementary School Depok City,†S. Kep. thesis. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah. Indonesia. Jul. 2015.

Jurwanto, Food and Nutrition for Health, Bogor, Institut Pertanian Bogor. 2013

Suhardjo dan Kusharto, Principle of Nutritions. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. 2003

Chen, S.T., Soo, K.L., Azriani, A.R., Van Rostenberghe, H., & Sakinah, H,â€Nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice of teachers in rehabilitation centers in Northern Malaysia†Mal J Nutr, Vol. 18, pp. 185–205, Feb. 2012

Wong, L. Donna, Pediatric in Nursing, Vol. 1, Edisi 6, Jakarta: EGC, 2009

Hayati, M, “The Influence of Educational Peers on Healthy Snacks Against the Behavior of School-Age Children in Lhokseumawe City Nanggroe Aceh Darussalamâ€. Thesis. Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia. 2009

Fathi A, Sharifirad Gh, Gharlipour Z, Hakimelahi J, Mohebi S, “Effects of a nutrition education intervention designed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) on reducing the consumption of unhealthy snacks in the sixth grade primary school girls†Int J Pediatr, Vol. 5, pp. 61 – 70, Feb. 2017

J. Laura, G. Amy, M. Stacey, and M. Amy. “Impact of a short-term nutrition education child care pilot intervention on preschool children's intention to choose healthy snacks and actual snack choices†Childhood Obesity, Vol. 11, pp. 13 – 20, Oct 2015

Jemore D, Baker S, Fang CS “Peer teaching promotes improved knowledge and attitudes about MyPlate and super tracker among college students and increases self-efficacy in peer nutrition educators†Creative Education, Vol. 9, pp. 979 – 992, May 2018

D. M. D. Kigaru, C. Loechl, T. Moleah, C. W. Macharia-Mutei, and Z. W. Ndungu. “Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among urban primary school children in nairobi City, kenya: a KAP study†BMC Nutrition, Vol. 1, pp. 1 – 8, December 2015

M. El-Harake, S. Kharroubi, S. K. Hamadeh and L. Jomaa. “ Impact of a pilot school – based nutrition intervention on dietary knowledge, attitudes, behaviour and nutritional status of syrian refugee children in Bekaa, Lebanon†Nutritients, vol. 10, pp.1 – 18, July 2018

S. Notoadmodjo, Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta, 2011



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development