Co-existence Issue in IoT Deployment using Heterogeneous Wireless Network (HetNet): Interference Mitigation using Cognitive Radio

Ayaskanta Mishra


In today’s era of Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication, where a tiny embedded device is having enough functionality and computational power to be network enabled for various applications aided with sensors, relays, and actuators to make Internet-of-Things (IoT) a reality. IoT is not a technology by itself rather a vision to interconnect every single piece of intelligent electronics using existing LAYER-I and II data communication standards and the internet based on OSI Layer Architecture. In the context of deployment of such IoT networks, it is imperative; a heterogeneous wireless network will be most viable for the need of different application-specific scenarios. The primary goal of this paper is to propose a Cognitive Radio (CR) Algorithm for mitigation of interference based on the analytical and empirical model of packet error rate (PER) for IEEE 802.15.4 network in the presence of IEEE 802.11 b/g/n network operating in the 2.4 GHz unlicensed industrial scientific medical (ISM) frequency band. The power spectral density (PSD) of three standards widely deployed IEEE 802.11 b/g/n are considered for determining the interference power of overlapping channels of IEEE 802.11 b/g/n. To create a test-bed for an Empirical Model Digi’s XBEE® 802.15.4 Zigbee modules is used for IEEE 802.15.4 and Intel/ Qualcomm (Atheros) WiFi Alliance adaptors are considered and IEEE 802.11 to validate the analytical model.


internet of things; M2M; cognitive radio; heterogeneous networks; interference; packet error rate; zigbee; XBEE®; power spectral density.

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