Development of Production Creativity among Craftsmen by Identifying Techniques for Characterizing Coconut Waste

D Dumasari, Wayan Darmawan, Achmad Iqbal, Budi Dharmawan, Imam Santosa


The development of production creativity in handicraft micro-enterprises requires technical support. The primary mode of support is to identify the characteristics of the raw materials that make product design appear more creative, variation, and artistic. A right quality product can potentially increase profits. This knowledge transfer process has altered the behavior of craftsmen in Java, encouraging them to adopt coconut waste as a raw material. The location of this study was Purbalingga Wetan, Purbalingga District, Central Java Province. The study design was based on a participatory rural appraisal (PRA), with the application of both qualitative and quantitative approaches.  It was found that the ability of respondents to identify coconut waste characteristics was crucial to improving product quality. The number of skilled respondents applying the technique increased significantly. The skilled respondents were able to identify traits based on the age, color, fiber pattern, visual form, thickness, texture, and fragility of coconut wood or shell. An understanding of all of these characteristics was essential to improve product quality.  Skilled craftsmen choose good coconut waste can produce quality handicraft products. Quality handicrafts are produced with a variety of distinctive and artistic designs and motifs. The selling value of higher quality handicraft products significantly increases the income of craftsmen. The motivation and ability of craftsmen in the technique that identifies the characteristics of coconut waste needs to be continuously developed intensively. These efforts can be made through the willingness of craftsmen to share experiences. Another way is to increase the participation of craftsmen in training and demonstration of the characteristics of coconut waste as raw material for quality handicrafts.


craftsmen; characteristic identification techniques; coconut waste; handicraft; motif design.

Full Text:



W. Darmawan, D. Nandika, E. Noviyanti, I. Alipraja, D, Lumongga, D. Gardner, and P. Ge´rardin, “Wettability and bonding quality of exterior coating on jabon and sengon wood surface,†Journal Coatings Technology and Research, vol. 15 (1), pp. 95-104, 2018.

A. Mithra, G.J. Swami, and S.P. Rajendran, “Coconut value-added products,†Journal of Indian Food Industry Mag, vol. 32 (6), pp 29-36, 2013.

S. Damanik, “The development of coconut (Cocos nucifera) for improving farmers income in Indragiri Hilir Regency Riau,†Perspektif Journal, vol. 6 (2), pp 94-104, 2007.

J. Prananta, “Coconut shell utilization and coconut Shell for liquid smoke as a natural food preservative,†Research Report of Making Applied Technology Work For Marginal People Direktur Eksekutif Jingki Institute, Lhokseumawe: Malikus Saleh University, 2007.

D. Dumasari, W. Watemin, “Karakteristik sosial ekonomi petani miskin dalam pengelolaan usaha mikro tourism souvenir goods,†Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, vol. 29 (2), pp 205-214, 2013.

D. Dumasari, and T.S.M. Rahayu, “Management strategy of creative souvenir microenterprise for the Empowerment of craftsmen peasant,†Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, vol. 32 (1), pp 175-186, 2016.

D. Dumasari, S. Budiningsih, W. Darmawan, I. Santosa, “Various determinant factors of production technology adoption in creative souvenir micro-enterprise,†Journal of Arts and Humanities, vol. 6 (10), pp 01-06, 2017.

J. Fengfan, H. Yue, “Traditional Tie-dye Handicraft and Modern Design Concept Combined,†Journal of Arts and Humanities, vol. 6 (08), pp 12-15, 2017.

M. Redzuan, F. Aref, “Constraints and potentials of handicraft industry in an underdeveloped region of Malaysia,†African Journal of Business Management, vol... 5 (2), pp 256-260, 2011.

M. Yusup, Pawit, T.S. Rachmawati, P. Subekti, “The behavior of information seeking and utilizing on livelihood among rural poor people,†Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, vol. 33 (1), pp 46-54, 2017.

U. Wahyudin, “Ecocultural entrepreneurship training for empowering rural poor people,†Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, vol. XXVIII (1), pp 55-64, 2012.

O.A. Abisuga, Oyekunle, and I.R. Fillis, “The Role of handicraft micro-enterprises as a catalyst for youth employment,†Journal Creative Industries, vol. 10 (1), pp 59-74, 2017.

V.M. Vadakepat, “Rural retailing challenges to traditional handicraft,†Journal of Global Marketing, vol. 26 (5), pp 273-283, 2013.

D. Pugersari, A. Syarief, and D. Larasati, “Experiments on the development of commercial value based commercial functional products of coconut shrimp with softening techniques,†Journal of Visual Art and Design, vol. 5 (1), pp 74-91, 2013.

R. Chambers, “Participatory rural appraisal (PRA): challenges, potentials, and paradigm,†World Development Journal, vol. 22 (10), pp 1437-1454, 1994.

J.W. Creswell, Research design qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks. Sage Publication. London. 1994.

M.B. Miles, A.M. Huberman, Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods. California; SAGE Publications Inc, 1984.

R.N. Arancon, “The situation and prospects for the utilization of coconut wood in Asia and The Pacific,†Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations Regional Office for Asia and Pacific, 2009.

G.A.M. Brasileiro, J.A.R. Vieira, L.S. Barreto, “Use of coir pith particles in composites with Portland cement,†Journal of Environmental Management,†vol. 131, pp 228-238, 2013.

K.W. Corscadden, J.N. Biggs, D.K. Stiles, “Sheep’s wool insulation: A sustainable alternative use for a renewable resource,†Resources, Conservation, and Recycling Journal, vol. 86, pp 9–15, 2014.

K. Mori, A. Christodoulou, “Review of sustainability indices and indicators: Towards a new City Sustainability Index (CSI),†Environmental Impact Assessment Review, vol. 32, pp 94–106, 2012.

W. Darmawan, D. Nandika, B.D.H. Afaf, I. Rahayu, D. Lumongga, “Radial Variation in Selected Wood Properties of Indonesian Merkusii Pine,†Journal of the Korean Society of Wood Science and Technology, vol. 46 (4), pp 323-337, 2018.

Z. Mahmud, Y. Ferry, “Prospects for processing of coconut fruits,†Journal of Plantation Research and Development Center, Bogor: Research and Development of Plantation, vol. 4 (2), 2005.

O. Oyinbo, K.T. Olaleye, “Farm households livelihood diversification and poverty alleviation in Giwa local government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria,†The Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 15 (1), pp 219-232, 2016.

D.R. Malema, S. Naisoo, “The role of community arts and crafts in the empowerment of women living in a rural environment,†World Leisure Journal, vol. 59 (1), pp 54-60, 2017.

E. Härkönen, M. Huhmarniemi, T. Jokela, “Crafting Sustainability: Handcraft in Contemporary Art and Cultural Sustainability in the Finnish Lapland,†Sustainability Journal, vol. 10, pp 2-14, 2018.

H. Suciati, T.J.W. Adi, I.P.A. Wiguna, “A dynamic model for assessing the effects of construction worker waste behavior to reduce material waste,†International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 8 (2), pp 44, 2018.

I. Yuningsih, I. Rahayu, D. Lumongga. W. Darmawan, “Wettability and adherence of acrylic paints on long and short rotation teaks,†Journal of Wood Material Science & Engineering, vol. 14 (3) 2019.

W. Darmawan, M. Azhari, I.S. Rahayu, D. Nandika, D. Lumongga, I. Malela, S. Nishio, “The chips generated during up-milling and down-milling of pine wood by helical router bits,†Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science. Vol 15 (2). Pages 172-180. 2018.

Y. Fu, “Research on Influence of Handicraft in Design History from the Diagrammatic Perspective,†International Conference on Arts, Design and Contemporary Education (ICADCE), 2015.

I.T. Koduah, A. Charles, “Entrepreneurship determinants of artisans/craftsmn in Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana,†American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, vol. 6 (2), pp 163-175, 2016.

A. Funso, S. Letema, M. Gerryshom, “Impact of Motivation on Productivityof Craftsmen in Construction Firms in Lagos, Nigeria,†International Journal of Economics and Finance, vol. 8 (4), pp 171-176, 2016.

S.H. Hwang, C.H. Liu, “Promoting for community empowerment and network governance through craft movement,†The Science Design Bulletin of JSSD, vol. 64 (1), pp 11-19, 2016.

D. Dumasari, “Kewirausahaan Petani dalam Pengelolaan Bisnis Mikro di Pedesaan,†Jurnal Inovasi dan Kewirausahaan, vol. 3 (3), pp 196-202. 2014



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development