Removal of Zinc onto Several Adsorbents Derived from Waste Activated Sludge of Crumb Rubber Industry (CRI-WAS)

Salmariza Sy, - Harmiwati, Desy Kurniawati, Hermansyah Aziz, Zulkharnain Chaidir, Rahmiana Zein

Abstract


Waste activated sludge of crumb rubber industry (CRI-WAS) is discarded as waste from wastewater treatment processing. Therefore it is necessary to develop and innovate to convert the material becomes valuables and expected to be an economical adsorbent for metal ion remediation from wastewater. The ability of three types of adsorbents prepared from CRI-WAS for the removal of Zn(II) from aqueous solutions has been investigated. The XRF, BET, SEM-EDX, and FTIR analysis were conducted to characterize the PS (pure sludge), WS (washed sludge) and P600 (pyrolysis at 6000C) CRI-WAS types of adsorbents. In the batch system, experimental parameters were investigated, including solution pH, contact time, and adsorbent dose. The data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and a further test Duncan's New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT) at the 5% significance level. The results reveal that all types of adsorbent exhibited good sorption potential at pH 5.0. The P600 has largest adsorption capacity. The maximum adsorption capacity of the adsorbent for Zn(II) was found to be 10.276 mg g-1, 11.042 mg g-1 and 64.169 mg g-1 for PS, WS and P600 CRI-WAS types of adsorbents respectively. The results showed that the adsorption isotherm data were fitted well by the Langmuir isotherm.

Keywords


crumb rubber industry, waste activated sludge, PS, WS, P600 CRI-WAS adsorbents, Zn(II)

Full Text:

PDF

References


F. Fu and Q. Wang, “Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review,” J. Environ. Manage., vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 407–418, 2011.

N. Oyaro, O. Juddy, E. N. M. Murago, and E. Gitonga, “The contents of Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd in meat in Nairobi, Kenya,” J. Food, Agric. Environ., vol. 5, pp. 119–121, 2007.

WHO, Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 3 rd. Genewa: Worid Health Organization, 2004.

KLH, Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 2014 Tentang Baku Mutu Air Limbah, no. 96. Jakarta: Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup, 2014.

L. Ramrakhiani, S. Ghosh, S. Sarkar, and S. Majumdar, “Heavy metal biosorption in multi component system on dried activated sludge: Investigation of adsorption mechanism by surface characterization,” Mater. Today Proc., vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 3538–3552, 2016.

N. Gupta, S. S. Amritphale, and N. Chandra, “Removal of Zn (II) from aqueous solution by using hybrid precursor of silicon and carbon,” Bioresour. Technol., vol. 101, no. 10, pp. 3355–3362, 2010.

F. Rozada, M. Otero, a. Morán, and a. I. García, “Adsorption of heavy metals onto sewage sludge-derived materials,” Bioresour. Technol., vol. 99, pp. 6332–6338, 2008.

A. K. Bhattacharya, S. N. Mandal, and S. K. Das, “Adsorption of Zn(II) from aqueous solution by using different adsorbents,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 123, no. 1–2, pp. 43–51, 2006.

T. K. Naiya, P. Chowdhury, A. K. Bhattacharya, and S. K. Das, “Saw dust and neem bark as low-cost natural biosorbent for adsorptive removal of Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 148, pp. 68–79, 2009.

M. Kasman, S. Ibrahim, and S. Sy, “Rice Husk Packed Bed Column Reactor to Remove Cadmium from Landfill Leachate,” J. Litbang Ind., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2014.

I. Lestari, S. Sy, D. Kurniawati, A. Alif, R. Zein, and H. Aziz, “Effect of pH on the biosorption of heavy metal by alginate immobilized durian (Durio zibethinus) seed,” Der Pharma Chem., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 294–300, 2016.

K. Desi, I. Lestari, S. Sy, H. Aziz, Z. Chaidir, and R. Zein, “Removal of Cu ( II ) from aqueous solutions using shell and seed of kelengkengfruits ( Euphoria longan Lour ),” Der Pharma Chem., vol. 8, no. 14, pp. 149–154, 2016.

Harmiwati, S. Salmariza, D. Kurniawati, I. Lestari, Z. Chaidir, R. Desmiarti, and R. Zein, “Biosorption of Pb (II) And Zn (II) Metal Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Stem Tree of Soybean Using Continuous,” ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci., vol. 12, no. 18, pp. 5258–5262, 2017.

F. Azima, N. Nazir, and N. P. Sari, “The making and characterization of Husk Jengkol’S activated carbon as adsorbent,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 916–921, 2017.

C. Irawan, I. F. Nata, M. D. Putra, M. Elma, and K. F. Hanisa, “Biocomposite Materials of Eleocharis dulcis Fibers with Iron ( III ) Nanoparticles and Its Potential for Sasirangan Textile Wastewater Treatment,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1234–1240, 2017.

R. Zein, D. A. Hidayat, M. Elfia, N. Nazarudin, and E. Munaf, “Sugar palm Arenga pinnata Merr (Magnoliophyta) fruit shell as biomaterial to remove Cr(III), Cr(VI), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solution,” J. Water Supply Res. Technol., vol. 63, no. 7, p. 553, 2014.

C. Yang, J. Wang, M. Lei, G. Xie, G. Zeng, and S. Luo, “Biosorption of zinc(II) from aqueous solution by dried activated sludge,” J. Environ. Sci., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 675–680, 2010.

T. Phuengprasop, J. Sittiwong, and F. Unob, “Removal of heavy metal ions by iron oxide coated sewage sludge,” J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 186, no. 1, pp. 502–507, 2011.

H. L. Chiang, K. H. Lin, and H. H. Chiu, “Exhaust characteristics during the pyrolysis of ZnCl2 immersed biosludge,” J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 229–230, pp. 233–244, 2012.

F. Cheng, H. Luo, L. Hu, B. Yu, Z. Luo, and M. Fidalgo De Cortalezzi, “Sludge carbonization and activation: From hazardous waste to functional materials for water treatment,” J. Environ. Chem. Eng., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 4574–4586, 2016

A. Bhatnagar and A. K. Minocha, “Utilization of industrial waste for cadmium removal from water and immobilization in cement,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 150, pp. 145–151, 2009.

M. A. A. Zaini, M. Zakaria, S. H. Mohd.-Setapar, and M. A. Che-Yunus, “Sludge-adsorbents from palm oil mill effluent for methylene blue removal,” J. Environ. Chem. Eng., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 1091–1098, 2013.

M. Abbas, A. Zaini, and N. Yuhana, “Evaluation of Treated and Untreated Sludge from Yarn Processing Factory as Adsorbent Candidates for Dye Removal,” vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 508–517, 2017.

A. Iddou and M. S. Ouali, “Waste-activated sludge (WAS) as Cr(III) sorbent biosolid from wastewater effluent,” Colloids Surfaces B Biointerfaces, vol. 66, pp. 240–245, 2008.

E. Siswoyo, Y. Mihara, and S. Tanaka, “Determination of key components and adsorption capacity of a low cost adsorbent based on sludge of drinking water treatment plant to adsorb cadmium ion in water,” Appl. Clay Sci., vol. 97–98, pp. 146–152, 2014.

L. Yang, J. Wei, Z. Liu, J. Wang, and D. Wang, “Material prepared from drinking waterworks sludge as adsorbent for ammonium removal from wastewater,” Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 330, pp. 228–236, 2015.

S. A. Abo-El-Enein, A. Shebl, and S. A. Abo El-Dahab, “Drinking water treatment sludge as an efficient adsorbent for heavy metals removal,” Appl. Clay Sci., vol. 146, no. May, pp. 343–349, 2017.

S. Salmariza, “Pemanfaatan Limbah Lumpur Proses Activated Sludge Industri Karet Remah Sebagai Adsorben,” J. Ris. Ind., vol. VI, no. 2, pp. 175–182, 2012.

S. Sy, I. Lestari, D. Kurniawati, H. Aziz, Z. Chaidir, and R. Zein, “Characterization of Waste Activated Sludge of Crumb Rubber Industry (CRI-WAS) as Adsorbent of Cd(II),” Der Pharma Chem., vol. 8, no. 18, pp. 228–235, 2016.

S. Salmariza, M. Mawardi, R. Harriyani, and M. Kasman, “Developing an Adsorbent from Sludge Waste of Crumb Rubber Industry Which is Activated by H3PO4 for Adsoption of Cr(VI),” J. Litbang Ind., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 67–77, 2014.

I. Velghe, R. Carleer, J. Yperman, S. Schreurs, and J. D’Haen, “Characterisation of adsorbents prepared by pyrolysis of sludge and sludge/disposal filter cake mix,” Water Res., vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 2783–2794, 2012.

P. Devi and A. K. Saroha, “Utilization of sludge based adsorbents for the removal of various pollutants: A review,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 578, pp. 16–33, 2017.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.8.1.4084

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development