The Role of Powder Sub-bituminous Coal with Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) to Improve Chemical Properties of Ultisols

Herviyanti Herviyanti, T.B. Prasetyo, Juniarti Juniarti, S. Prima, S. Wahyuni


This research was conducted in soil chemical laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University, from December 2016 until May 2017. The purpose of this research are to determine the level of activeness of powder coal Sub-bituminouscoalwith Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) and to determine the appropriate dosage of the mixture in improving the chemical properties of Ultisols. This research was conducted in 2 stages: first stage study with 10 treatments (1% to 10% (w/w) NaOH) and the second stage study on soil using 15 treatment combinations (3 doses of powder sub-bituminous coal with 5 doses of NaOH). The results of the first stage of research is the addition of NaOH in Sub-bituminous to increase the activity of powder Sub-bituminous coalwith parameters of pH, CEC, and increases the number of O-H, C=O, and CH3 groups.The results of stage II studies is the provision of a mixture of 20 ton(ha)-1powder Sub-bituminous coaland 10% of NaOH  were able to increases the pH of H2O, CEC, organic-C, Available-P, and Total-N Ultisol each of 1.49 units, 28.08 me.100g-1, 1.63 % C, 2.37 ppm P, 0.06% N, and decreases Al-exch Ultisol by 1.17 me.100g-1and , SAR Ultisol by 0.03, and ESP Ultisols by 0.82 %compared to nature soil.



NaOH; Sub-bituminous; Ultisols

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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development