Prioritizing Criteria of Earthquake Safe Housing in Earthquake Prone Areas: A Case of Housing in Padang City

Prima Fithri, Rika Ampuh Hadiguna, Puti Gina K I Putri


The aims of this research are to determine earthquake-safe housing development criterion in Padang City and find the relationships level of these criterions with customer requirements. The data of consumer perceptions on which is safe houses in prone areas to earthquake and tsunami was collected by questionnaires. The questionnaires used in this research were divided into two phases. In the first phase, the questionnaires were distributed to 30 consumers for the purpose of validation. In the second phase, the questionnaires were disseminated to 109 residents (consumers who buy housing on "Tsunami Yellow Zone" and developers who develop housing on the same area) and the results were processed using QFD (Quality Function Deployment) and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process). AHP showed the priority level of each indicator within the criteria. The results of this research, It can be seen that criteria for earthquake-safe housing development in the city of Padang can be sorted as follows: Implement technical factors in building earthquake-safe homes, Taking into account the legal and environmental aspects, Providing service facilities around the housing, Housing facilities and infrastructure, Marketing factor friendly, Low Cost and Pay attention to the aesthetics surrounding factors of housing. This research focused on housing developers and consumers in a disaster-prone area such as Padang City. The value of this research is to know the consumer requirements and its relationships with developer’s technical characteristics. In the end, these developers will consider the criteria that required by the consumer and make the developed safer housing for consumers at the disaster-prone area.


Housing, customer requirement, disaster areas, Quality Function Deployment (QFD), Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP).

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