Component-connected Feature for Signature Identification

Naeli Umniati, Achmad Benny Mutiara, Tubagus Maulana Kusuma, Suryarini Widodo


A signature is the oldest security techniques to verify the identification of a person. This is due to every person has a different signature and each signature has the characteristic physiological and behavior. There are two kinds of signature such as offline and online signatures used to verify someone identity. Offline signatures were used in this study because offline signature does not have dynamic features such as an online signature. This study proposed an identification system of offline signature by using k-NN based on the features that were stored in the database. The proposed identification system consists of preprocessing, feature extraction and verification stages. We collected the data samples from 10 persons. Each person wrote 10 signatures. Total data was 100 signatures. The first stage used in this study was preprocessing such as noise removal, binarization, skeleton, and cropping.  The second stage was feature extraction. Feature extraction had some important information such as height-width ratio, the ratio of the density of signatures, edge distance ratio, the ratio of the number and proximity of the column, and the number of connected components in the signature. That information was stored in a separate database. We separated 10 signatures of each person into 6 signatures as data sample and 4 signature as test data. We verified 40 signatures of test data from 10 persons using k-NN. It is shown that from 40 signatures used in our test data, 28 signatures were correctly identified and 12 signatures belong to others.


Offline signature, identification systems, feature extraction, k-NN

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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development