Neutronic Analysis of a Thorium-Fueled Reduced Moderation Boiling Water Reactor

Dayu Fajrul Falaakh, Alexander Agung, Andang Widi Harto


A study about Resource Renewable Boiling Water Reactor (RBWR) core, a reduced moderation boiling water reactor that features the breeding ratio larger than 1 was conducted. This study focuses on the neutronic performances of the core and aims to investigate the core sustainability when using thorium as the main fertile fuel. A fuel-self-sustaining core with high burnup set as the design target.  233U+Th were used as the initial fuel, and the impact of initial fissile (233U) content in the core fissile zone on the core neutronic performances was evaluated. Parameters related to the neutronic performances such as the core burnup, fissile breeding, and fissile inventory ratio (FIR) are considered in this study. From these results, it was confirmed that it is feasible to create a self-sustaining fuel cycle system using thorium fueled RBWR. However, there was a trade-off between the core burnup and fissile breeding that can be a significant challenge in the development of this system. Evaluating the other design variables may be considered to address this challenge. The further study to analyze the safety performances of the core is required to arrive at a safe and reliable reactor system.


thorium; reduced moderation; neutronics; SERPENT.

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