Combustion Performance of Biomass Composite Briquette from Rice Husk and Banana Residue

Munira Mohamed Nazari, Chin Pooi San, Nor Amira Atan


Utilization of agro-waste material in producing biomass briquette has been actively explored due to its huge potential as an alternative option to current energy resources. Also, the development of biomass briquette also solved agricultural waste disposal issues. Biomass briquette is widely utilized for domestic and industrial purposes such as cooking, heating, and electricity generation. This study was conducted to assess the combustion performance of the biomass composite briquette, which was produced by combining two agro-waste materials, which are rice husk and banana residue. The composite briquette was densified at a constant and controlled temperature as well as pressure by varying the particle size and ratio of the raw materials.  The particle size used were 300 μm, 150 μm and 75 μm and then these particles were blended in the various components of rice husk and banana residue in percentage composition of 100:0, 80:20 and 60:40, respectively. The combustion performances of composite briquette ware assessed by evaluating their burning rate, calorific value, volatile matter, ash content and fixed carbon content. Results showed the composition of rice husk and banana residue of 60:40 with the particle size of 150 μm were found as the optimal combination since it owned moderate density, ash and fixed carbon content, and volatile matter. Furthermore, the combustion performance results of these briquette mixtures generate the calorific value up to 16396 J/g and could retain for at least 14 minutes after the flame was gradually put out by itself that indicated it has potential to be applied as solid fuel.


composite briquette; combustion performance; composition.

Full Text:



th Malaysia Plan (2011-2015), 2011.

th Fuel Diversification Policy, Malaysia, 2010.

th Malaysia Plan (2016-2020), 2016.

J. Oladeji, “Theoretical aspects of biomass briquetting: A review study,†Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 72-82, 2015.

D. B. Yahaya, and T. G. Ibrahim, “Development of rice husk briquette for use as fuel,†Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Science, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 130-133, 2012.

A. A. Rahman, F. Sulaiman, and N. Abdullah, “The physical, chemical and combustion characteristics of EFB fuel briquettes,†AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1657, no. 1, p. 040010, 2015.

O. A. Sotannde, A. O. Oluyege and G. B. Abah, International Agrophysics 24, p. 189-194, 2010.

J. Kers, P. Kulu, A. Aruniit, V. Laurmaa, P. Krizan, L. Soos and U. Kask, “Determination of physical, mechanical and burning characteristics of polymeric waste material briquettes,†Estonian Journal of Engineering, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 307, 2010.

K. Mohanta, D. Kumar, and O. Parkash, “Properties and industrial application of rice husk: A review,†International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 2, no. 10, pp. 86-90, 2012.

A. Ma’ruf, B. Pramudono, and N. Aryanti, “Lignin isolation process from rice husk by alkaline hydrogen peroxide: Lignin and silica extracted,†AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1823, no. 1, p. 020013, 2017.

D. Mohapatra, S. Mishra, and N. Sutar, “Banana and its by-product utilization: An overview,†Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, vol. 69, p. 323-329, 2010.

M. D. Hussin, and R. William, “Status of banana cultivation and disease in Malaysia,†Crop Protection and Plant Quarantine Division, Department of Agricultural Malaysia, p. 60, 2010.

M. Soffiner, “Pulp production from banana stem,†University of Sao Paolo; 2011.

N. Saari, R. Hashim, O. Sulaiman, and M. Sato, “The Influenced of Compression on Properties of Binderless Compressed Veneer Made from Oil Palm Trunk,†International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp.280-283. 2015.

I. I. Ikelle, O. Sule, and P. Ivoms, “Determination of the heating ability of coal and corn cob,†IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 77-82, 2014.

D. Huko, D. N. Kamau and W. O. Ogola, “Effects of varying particle size on mechanical and combustion characteristics of mango seed shell and cashew nut shell composite briquette,†International Journal of Engineering Science Invention, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 32-39, 2015.

C. A. Raju, U. Praveena, M. Satya, K. R. Jyothi, and P. S. S. Rao, “Studies on Development of Fuel Briquettes using Biodegradable Waste Materials,†Journal of Bioprocessing and Chemical Engineering, vol. 2, no. 1, 2014.

A. C. Adetogun, K. M. Ogunjobi, and D. Are, “Combustion properties of briquettes produced from maize cob of different particle sizes,†Journal of Research in Forestry, vol. 6, no. 1, 2014.

D. K. Chirchir, and D. M. Nyaanga, “Effect of binder types and amount on physical and combustion characteristic,†International Journal of Engineering Research and Science & Technology, vol. 2, no. 1, 2013.

N. Yalcin, and V. Sevinc, “Studies on silica obtained from rice husk,†Journal of Ceramics International, vol 27, pp.219-224, 2001.

D. Mohapatra, S. Mishra, and N. Sutar, “Banana and its by-product utilization: an overview,†Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, vol. 69, pp. 323-329, 2010.

N. A. Musa, “Comparative fuel characterization of rice husk and groundnut shell briquettes,†NJRED, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 23-27, 2007.

J. T. Oladeji, and M. Sc, “Fuel characterization of briquette produced from corncob and rice husk residue,†Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 101-106, 2010.

J. Taiwo, and O. Ropo, “Investigation into physical and fuel characteristics of briquettes produced from cassava and yam peels,†Journal of Energies Technologies and Policy, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 2007-2014, 2013.

M. Yerizam, M. Marsi, and N. Novia, “Characteristics of composite rice straw and coconut shell as biomass energy resources (Briquette) (Case study: Muara Telang Village, Banyuasin of South Sumatra),†International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp.232-238, 2013.

C. C. Enweremadu, J. O. Ojediran, J. T. Oladeji, and I. O. Afolbi, “Evaluation of energy potential of huks from soybeans and cowpea,†Science Focus, vol. 8, pp. 18-23, 2004.

G. M. T. Arellano, Y. S. Kato, and F. T. Bacani, “Evaluation of fuel properties of charcoal briquettes derived from combinations of coconut shell, corn cob and sugarcane bagasse,†in DSLU Research Congress 2015, 2015, paper 3, p. 1-6.

J. O. Akowuah, F. Kemausuor, and S. J. Mitchual, “Physico-chemical characteristics and market potential of sawdust charcoal briquette,†in Proc. International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology, paper 3.1, p. 1, 2012.

B. B. Nyakuma, A. Johari, A. Ahmad, and T. A. Tuan Abdullah, “Thermogravimetric analysis of the fuel properties of empty fruit bunch briquette,†Journal Teknologi, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 79-82, 2014.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development