Simulation of Wickless-Heat Pipe as Passive Cooling System in Nuclear Spent Fuel Pool Using RELAP5/MOD3.2

Mukhsinun Hadi Kusuma, Nandy Putra, Sri Ismarwanti, Surip Widodo


The lesson learned from the severe accident of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant shows that the residual heat generated from nuclear spent fuel should be cooled properly. In order to absorb that residual heat when station blackout occurs, wickless-heat pipe is proposed to be used as an alternative of the passive cooling system in nuclear spent fuel pool. The objective of this research is to simulation the effect of initial pressure and evaporator filling ratio as factors that influence the thermal performance of wickless-heat pipe. The simulation results will be validated with experiment results. The wickless-heat pipe model was built and simulated using nuclear thermal-hydraulic code RELAP5/MOD3.2. The wickless-heat pipe model is built similarly and it has same geometry with experiment test section. In the simulation, the initial pressure inside wickless-heat pipe and evaporator filling ratio are varied. The initial pressure is varied on -54 cm Hg, -64 cm Hg, and -74 cm Hg, and filling ratio of evaporator is varied on 40%, 60%, and 80%. The heat load of evaporator, coolant temperature, and coolant volumetric flow rate were kept constant. The results obtained show that thermal resistance of wickless-heat pipe simulation model is 0.005°C/W. It is showed that simulation model results have good agreement with experiment results, and it can be used to simulate wickless-heat pipe heat transfer phenomena with different values of the input parameter. The RELAP5/MOD3.2 simulation model has been verified by the experimental result on a steady state condition.


Wickless-heat pipe; RELAP5/MOD3.2; nuclear spent fuel pool

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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development