Impact of Natural Disaster on Local Society Income in Maninjau Resort, Agam Regency, Indonesia

Zainal A. Haris, Agus Irianto, - Heldi, Robby Dharma, - Yulnafatmawita


Persistent natural disasters in Maninjau, mainly landslide, and fish death, have affected the local society income in the tourism destination of Maninjau, Agam Regency West Sumatra, Indonesia. This research aims to identify the effect of natural disasters on local society's income. The research was conducted using the survey method. Samples were collected (300 respondents) from 3 Nagari in Maninjau Resort, especially Nagari Sungai Batang (location of the Buya Hamka Museum), Maninjau, dan Bayua. The parameters identified were the income of local society and the type of economic activity they want to develop. The collected data was classified into categories, then the percentage was calculated, and finally presented in a pie chart. Based on data, it was found that natural disasters, especially landslides and fish deaths in the lake, significantly decreased the local society income. Most (81.7%) of society decreased their income by 40%. The income reduction was not only due to the property loss but also associated with the decrease in tourist visits. To recover the economic growth in Maninjau, most of the community (87.7%) wanted tourist visits increased. Then, they also wanted to develop culinary business (41.5%), agroforestry (29.9%), and religious tourism (26%), especially Hamka Tourism in Sungai Batang. An alternative way to recover quickly and to increase local society's income can be done through online promotion. Website development of each industry in Maninjau is really suggested.


Local society income; Maninjau lake; natural disaster

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