The Microencapsulation of Noni Fruit Extract (Morinda Citrifolia L.) with Maltodextrin and Its Implementation As Feed Additive on Carcass Quality and Histology of Intestinal Sentul Chicken

Tuti Widjastuti, Leni Nurlaeni, Abun Hasbuna, Iwan Setiawan, Indrawati Yudaasmara, Wiwin Tanwiriah


Noni fruit contains photogenic compounds and active substances that function as antibacterial, antioxidant, anthelmintics, and anti-cholesterol and can increase the digestibility of feed. Active compounds with natural antioxidant activity have properties that are very unstable to heat and oxidation reactions. Microencapsulation is a technique to coat the components of bioactive compounds in extracts using a coating material. The coating material used is maltodextrin (70% extract:30% maltodextrin). Maltodextrin has high solubility and the ability to inhibit oxidation reactions. The research aims to get an optimal dose of the use of microcapsules product of noni extract (MPNE) on carcass quality and histology of intestinal Sentul chickens. The study used an experimental method with a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) to see the influential treatment using analysis of variance followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test consisting of 4 replications and five treatments. So, the total number of chickens that had been reared was 100, and maintenance was carried out for 12 weeks. The feed treatments, namely P0=Basal ration, P1=50 mg/kg Zinc Bacitracin, P2=125 mg/kg MPNE, P3=250 mg/kg MPNE, P4=375 mg/kg MPNE. The results showed that MPNE with a dose of 250 mg/kg is the best treatment for producing live weight carcass, reducing meat cholesterol, dan improving villi height, width, surface area, and jejunum crypt depth. It was concluded that giving noni fruit extract microcapsules a dose of 125-250 mg/kg is recommended as a feed additive to replace AGP for Sentul chickens.


Microencapsulation; maltodextrin; Sentul chicken; carcass quality; histology of intestinal.

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