Experimental Study of Different materials on Electromagnetic Damping CharacteristicsExperimental Study of Different Materials on Electromagnetic Damping Characteristics

M.F. Mohd Yusoff, A.M. Ahmad Zaidi, S.A. Firdaus Ishak, M.K. Awang, MF Md Din, A. Mukhtaruddin, A.M. Ishak


Electromagnetic damper has been given special attention by many researchers and thus is among the important research areas in vibration system. This paper examines electromagnetic damper effect through simulation and experimental study. A vibration test rig incorporating a simple electromagnetic damper is designed and tested to examine the impact of electromagnetic force.The vibration system test rig can be operated as free vibration as well as a forced vibration system. In the simulation phase, the MATLAB model of the electromagnetic damper system is developed, considering its dynamic behavior. This simulation allows for the evaluation of the damper's effectiveness in reducing vibration amplitudes and settling times. Subsequently, an experimental setup is constructed to validate the simulation results. One of the key findings of this research is the comparison of different materials used as the outer cylinder of the electromagnetic damper system. The results indicate that aluminum exhibits a superior damping coefficient value of 2.8 kgs-1 compared to Nylon, which has a damping coefficient of 1.9 kgs-1. This observation highlights the significant impact of the damper's material choice on the vibration system's amplitude and settling time. The implementation of aluminum as the outer cylinder results in reduced amplitudes and quicker settling times in the vibration system. The combination of simulation and experimental studies enhances the understanding of the electromagnetic force's influence and validates the findings. The comparison of different materials for the damper's outer cylinder underscores the importance of material selection in achieving optimal damping coefficients and improved vibration system performance.


Electromagnetic damper; eddy current; vibration; suspension system; MATLAB

Full Text:



Q. Cai and S. Zhu, “Enhancing the performance of electromagnetic damper cum energy harvester using microcontroller: Concept and experiment validation,” Mech. Syst. Signal Process., vol. 134, p. 106339, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2019.106339.

M. A. A. Abdelkareem et al., “Vibration energy harvesting in automotive suspension system: A detailed review,” Appl. Energy, vol. 229, no. April, pp. 672–699, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.08.030.

S. Li, J. Xu, X. Pu, T. Tao, H. Gao, and X. Mei, “Energy-harvesting variable/constant damping suspension system with motor based electromagnetic damper,” Energy, vol. 189, p. 116199, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2019.116199.

S. Marcu, D. Popa, N. Stănescu, and N. Pandrea, “Model for the study of active suspensions,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 252, p. 012032, Oct. 2017, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/252/1/012032.

S. Gadadhe, A. More, and N. Bhone, “Experimental Analysis of Passive / Active Suspension System,” Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 703–707, 2018.

M. R. Ahmed, A. R. Yusoff, and F. R. M. Romlay, “Adjustable Valve Semi-Active Suspension System for Passenger Car,” Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 6470–6481, Jul. 2019, doi: 10.15282/ijame.16.2.2019.2.0489.

M. Omar, M. M. El-kassaby, and W. Abdelghaffar, “A universal suspension test rig for electrohydraulic active and passive automotive suspension system,” Alexandria Eng. J., vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 359–370, Dec. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.aej.2017.01.024.

B. Ebrahimi, “Development of Hybrid Electromagnetic Dampers for Vehicle Suspension Systems,” 2009.

S. Kumar, A. Medhavi, and R. Kumar, “Active and Passive Suspension System Performance under Random Road Profile Excitations,” Int. J. Acoust. Vib., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 532–541, Dec. 2020, doi: 10.20855/ijav.2020.25.41702.

S. Li, J. Xu, X. Pu, T. Tao, H. Gao, and X. Mei, “Energy-harvesting variable/constant damping suspension system with motor based electromagnetic damper,” Energy, vol. 189, no. April 2021, p. 116199, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2019.116199.

E. Diez-Jimenez, C. Alén-Cordero, R. Alcover-Sánchez, and E. Corral-Abad, “Modelling and Test of an Integrated Magnetic Spring-Eddy Current Damper for Space Applications,” Actuators, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 8, Jan. 2021, doi: 10.3390/act10010008.

T. M. Abdo, A. A. Huzayyin, A. A. Abdallah, and A. A. Adly, “Characteristics and analysis of an eddy current shock absorber damper using finite element analysis,” Actuators, vol. 8, no. 4, 2019, doi: 10.3390/ACT8040077.

H.J.J. Ho-Yeon Jung, In-Ho Kim, “Feasibility Study of the Electromagnetic Damper for Cable Structures Using Real-Time Hybrid Simulation,” sensors, p. 2499, 2017, doi: 10.3390/s17112499.

E. Diez-Jimenez, R. Rizzo, M.-J. Gómez-García, and E. Corral-Abad, “Review of Passive Electromagnetic Devices for Vibration Damping and Isolation,” Shock Vib., vol. 2019, pp. 1–16, Aug. 2019, doi: 10.1155/2019/1250707.

Abdullah, J.-H. Ahn, and H.-Y. Kim, “Effect of Electromagnetic Damping on System Performance of Voice-Coil Actuator Applied to Balancing-Type Scale,” Actuators, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 8, Feb. 2020, doi: 10.3390/act9010008.

B. L. J. Gysen, J. J. H. Paulides, J. L. G. Janssen, and E. A. Lomonova, “Active Electromagnetic Suspension System for Improved Vehicle Dynamics,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 1156–1163, Mar. 2010, doi: 10.1109/TVT.2009.2038706.

T. I. and K. A. A. J. Burhanudin, A.M. Ishak, A.S. Abu Hasim, “Permanent Magnet Linear Generator Design for Point Absorber Wave Energy Converter,” 2019, doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.

P. Teli, V. Tamhankar, S. Zagade, and A. Suvre, “Study of Electromagnetic Damper,” vol. 8, no. 09, pp. 708–711, 2019.

Yong Yew Rong, “Simulation on Eddy Current Damper and its Regenerative,” Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, 2013.

H. a. Sodano, J.-S. Bae, D. J. Inman, and W. Keith Belvin, “Concept and model of eddy current damper for vibration suppression of a beam,” J. Sound Vib., vol. 288, no. 4–5, pp. 1177–1196, Dec. 2005, doi: 10.1016/j.jsv.2005.01.016.

J. H. Kim, Y. J. Shin, Y. Do Chun, and J. H. Kim, “Design of 100W Regenerative Vehicle Suspension to Harvest Energy from Road Surfaces,” Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf., vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 1089–1096, Jul. 2018, doi: 10.1007/s12541-018-0129-5.

B. Ebrahimi, M. B. Khamesee, and F. Golnaraghi, “A novel eddy current damper: theory and experiment,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys., vol. 42, no. 7, p. 075001, Apr. 2009, doi: 10.1088/0022-3727/42/7/075001.

Siavash Haji Akbari Fini, “Theory and Simulation of Electromagnetic Dampers for Earthquake Engineering Applications,” University of British Columbia, 2016.

R. Rohith Renish, T. Niruban Projoth, K. Karthik, and K. Mohan Babu, “Vibration reduction in automobiles using electromagnetic suspension system,” Int. J. Mech. Eng. Technol., vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 729–737, 2017.

S. Abu-Ein and S. M. Fayyad, “Electromagnetic Suspension System: Circuit and Simulation,” Int. J. Model. Optim., no. June 2019, pp. 440–444, 2013, doi: 10.7763/ijmo.2013.v3.316.

L. A. J. Friedrich, B. L. J. Gysen, and E. A. Lomonova, “Modeling of Integrated Eddy Current Damping Rings for a Tubular Electromagnetic Suspension System,” in 2019 12th International Symposium on Linear Drives for Industry Applications (LDIA), Jul. 2019, pp. 1–4, doi: 10.1109/LDIA.2019.8770997.

K. Hyniova, “On electromagnetic actuator control in the active suspension systems,” vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 6–8, 2020.

P. V R, C. M. B N, and Y. S D, “Modified Electromagnetic Actuator for Active Suspension System,” Int. J. Eng. Manag. Res., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 188–193, 2021, doi: 10.31033/ijemr.11.4.23.

D. Kong, D. Jiang, and Y. Zhao, “Electromagnetic suspension acceleration measurement model and experimental analysis,” Electron., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1–13, 2020, doi: 10.3390/electronics9020226.

S. Wayne, Electricity, Magnetism and Light. Academic Press, Amsterdam [etc.], 2008.

E. Asadi, R. Ribeiro, M. B. Khamesee, and A. Khajepour, “A new adaptive hybrid electromagnetic damper: modelling, optimization, and experiment,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 24, no. 7, p. 75003, 2015, doi: Artn 075003r10.1088/0964-1726/24/7/075003.

M. Montazeri and O. Kavianipour, “Investigation of the passive electromagnetic damper,” vol. 2646, no. September 2011, pp. 2633–2646, 2012, doi: 10.1007/s00707-012-0735-8.

B. Ebrahimi, M. B. Khamesee, and F. Golnaraghi, “Permanent magnet configuration in design of an eddy current damper,” Microsyst. Technol., vol. 16, no. 1–2, pp. 19–24, 2010, doi: 10.1007/s00542-008-0731-z.

A. Fow and M. Duke, “Determining the volumetric characteristics of a passive linear electro-magnetic damper for vehicle applications,” Cogent Eng., vol. 4, no. 1, p. 1374160, Jan. 2017, doi: 10.1080/23311916.2017.1374160.

L. Zhu, C. R. Knospe, and S. Member, “Modeling of Nonlaminated Electromagnetic Suspension Systems,” IEEE Trans. Mechatronics, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 59–69, 2010.

Z. Li, L. Zuo, G. Luhrs, L. Lin, and Y. Qin, “Electromagnetic Energy-Harvesting Shock Absorbers : Design , Modeling , and Road Tests,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 1065–1074, 2013, doi: 10.1109/TVT.2012.2229308.

Q. Yang, Z. Chi, and L. Wang, “Influence and Suppression Method of the Eddy Current Effect on the Suspension System of the EMS Maglev Train,” Machines, vol. 10, no. 6, p. 476, 2022, doi: 10.3390/machines10060476.

C. C. et al. J. L. Perez-Diaz, I. Valiente-Blanco, “A novel high temperature eddy current damper with enhanced performance by means of impedance matching,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 28, no. 2, p. 025034, 2019.

M. N. O. Sadiku, Elements of Electromagnetics, 7th editio. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018.

B. Ebrahimi, M. B. Khamesee, and F. Golnaraghi, “Eddy current damper feasibility in automobile suspension: modeling, simulation and testing,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 18, no. 1, p. 015017, 2009, doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/18/1/015017.

J. Lau et al., “Advanced systems and services for ground vibration testing - Application for a research test on an Airbus A340-600 aircraft,” Proc. “IFASD 2011,” no. January 2011, pp. 1–10, 2011.

T. B. Mironova, A. B. Prokofiev, and V. Y. Sverbilov, “The Finite Element Technique for Modelling of Pipe System Vibroacoustical Characteristics,” Procedia Eng., vol. 176, pp. 681–688, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.02.313.

Anurag, “Diamagnetic Materials – Definition, Properties, Applications,” geeksforgeeks.org, 2021.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.13.4.18288


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development