The Improvement of the Rheological Model of Leather

Auezhan T. Amanov, Gayrat A. Bahadirov, Gerasim N. Tsoy, Ayder M. Nabiev


Fibrous capillary-porous materials, such as woven materials and leather, used in the light industry for clothing and footwear, differ sharply from metallic materials. These differences manifest themselves in a complex relationship between stress and strain, which depends on the strain rate and loading time. A method for determining the identified new rheological parameter of the inert resistance of a capillary-porous material (for example, leather) of accelerated deformation is presented in the article; it consists in determining the indentation force of a conical indenter at a constant speed and the coefficient that considers shear zones, and the angle formed by the boundaries of the material deformation zone and application of force value. An equation for an improved rheological model of leather is derived; it consists of the Kelvin model, the Bingham-Shvedov model, and the Khusanov model, expressed in terms of the rheological parameter in the form of a deformation inertness coefficient. The inclusion of the model of deformation inertness in the form of a coefficient into the rheological model of leather will allow the mathematical description of the rheological parameters of leather and the development of engineering methods for their calculation. The implementation of the developed method will allow obtaining numerical values of the rheological parameter of the inert resistance of the capillary-porous material under its accelerated deformation, namely, a new property of the capillary-porous material, which must be taken into account in various technological processing operations, for example, when treating moisture-saturated leather.


Capillary-porous material – leather; rheological model; deformation inertness; deformation; rheological equation.

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