Integrated Solid Waste Management System Using Distributed System Architecture for Indonesia: An IT Blueprint

Satrio Pradono Suryodiningrat, Arief Ramadhan


Indonesia is in the top 5 country that generates solid waste. It is the 14th largest country in the world in managing waste, but unfortunately, Indonesia is not known for its diligence to waste management. In 2019, the coordinating minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment of the Republic of Indonesia, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, stated that it is a top priority in the national agenda to keep improving solid waste management due to the growing number of people living in the urban areas and the estimated 105.000 tons of solid waste a day. This paper aims to create an IT blueprint for this waste management through a distributed system that allows an optimum flow of waste out of dense urban centers and into the proper waste disposal facilities. It involves smarter waste surveillance, a consolidated fleet of collection agents of varying mobility and capacity and includes people participation to control unnecessary waste generation. The system should be scalable while using existing resources and systems to manage the problem in the long term. It should maintain the three principles of Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM): waste prevention, recycling, and disposal. New technologies, such as a sensor network to monitor waste generation close to the source, can help burgeon localized SWM techniques such as community composting. The country can take the steps necessary to mitigate the problem.


Solid waste management; Indonesia; distributed system; integration; sensor networks

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