The Effect of Different Specifications of Passive Spaces on Residents’ Satisfaction in Adjoining Spaces ‎within a ‎Hot Dry ‎Climate

Mohammed Alzahrani, Roshida Abdul Majid, Abdullah Saeed Karban, Abdulrahman Majrashi

Abstract


Passive spaces are a passive design strategy that aims to reduce energy ‎consumption ‎and increase ‎user ‎satisfaction ‎in buildings. One ‎example of passive space is ‎the air shaft. The air ‎shaft ‎is a ‎vertical void within the building from the ground level to the roof level, and it ‎provides the ‎building with ‎natural ‎ventilation ‎and ‎daylight, ‎especially in deep-plan ‎buildings. However, ‎the ‎function of the ‎air ‎shaft ‎is ‎questioned ‎due to its impacts on residents’ needs. ‎This ‎study assesses the effects of air ‎shaft ‎specifications on ‎residents’ ‎satisfaction with the indoor ‎environment ‎quality of ‎air shafts and ‎adjoining ‎spaces. Survey ‎questionnaires were ‎distributed ‎to ‎residents of ‎apartment ‎buildings. The results ‎proved that air shafts ‎have a ‎significant ‎negative ‎impact on ‎residents’ ‎satisfaction. The ‎findings of cross-tabulation ‎analysis illustrate a significant ‎relationship ‎between ‎the air ‎shafts’ specifications and ‎the ‎residents’ answers.‎ The ‎analysis also showed that the air ‎shafts ‎that are ‎closed from the ‎bottom and include A\C outdoor units ‎have a more negative ‎impact on ‎the thermal ‎environment and ‎air quality. Regarding ‎the air shaft areas, the small areas have ‎a ‎high ‎negative ‎response regarding bad smell, the view, visual ‎and ‎acoustic privacy, and thermal ‎environment. ‎From ‎the ‎indoor ‎environment quality perspective, this ‎study ‎emphasizes ‎the need ‎to consider the ‎impact of ‎air ‎shaft design on a ‎building’s ‎performance ‎and ‎residents’ ‎satisfaction. The results of this study are expected to contribute to the development of future passive spaces design.

Keywords


Passive space; air shaft; indoor environment quality; residents’ satisfaction; residential buildings.

Full Text:

PDF

References


B. Matthias, G. Waldo, D. Wim, and A. Amaryllis, “Sustainability assessment of circular building alternatives: Consequential LCA and LCC for internal wall assemblies as a case study in a Belgian context,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 218, no. 2019, pp. 141–156, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.306.

X. Xuan, “Study of indoor environmental quality and occupant overall comfort and productivity in LEED- and non-LEED–certified healthcare settings,” Indoor Built Environ., vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 544–560, 2018, doi: 10.1177/1420326X16684007.

M. F. A. Al-Jebouri, M. S. Saleh, S. N. Raman, R. A. A. B. O. K. Rahmat, and A. K. Shaaban, “Toward a national sustainable building assessment system in Oman: Assessment categories and their performance indicators,” Sustain. Cities Soc., vol. 31, pp. 122–135, 2017.

R. Palliyaguru, G. Karunasena, and S. Ang, “Review on sustainable building design and construction in the rural context: the case of building Ampara, Sri Lanka,” in Sustainable Development Research in the Asia-Pacific Region, Springer, 2018, pp. 493–507.

A. A. Ahadi, M. R. Saghafi, and M. Tahbaz, “The study of effective factors in daylight performance of light-wells with dynamic daylight metrics in residential buildings,” Sol. Energy, vol. 155, pp. 679–697, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2017.07.005.

A. S. Mozhdegani and R. Afhami, “Using Ecotech Architecture as an Effective Tool for Sustainability in Construction Industry,” Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 1914–1917, 2017, doi: 10.48084/etasr.1230.

A. Shajahan, C. H. Culp, and B. Williamson, “Effects of indoor environmental parameters related to building heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems on patients’ medical outcomes: A review of scientific research on hospital buildings,” Indoor Air, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 161–176, 2019.

S. Xu, C. Yan, and C. Jin, “Design optimization of hybrid renewable energy systems for sustainable building development based on energy-hub,” Energy Procedia, vol. 158, pp. 1015–1020, 2019.

C. Stenqvist, S. B. Nielsen, and P.-O. Bengtsson, “A Tool for Sourcing Sustainable Building Renovation: The Energy Efficiency Maturity Matrix,” Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 5, p. 1674, 2018.

J. T. Kim and C. W. F. Yu, “Sustainable development and requirements for energy efficiency in buildings–the Korean perspectives,” Indoor Built Environ., vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 734–751, 2018.

B. Neyestani, “A review on sustainable building (Green Building),” Available SSRN 2968885, 2017.

U. D. E. Alencastro and J. Paulo, “The impact of quality management on the thermal performance of social housing in the united kingdom,” University of Plymouth, 2019.

Y. Al Horr, M. Arif, A. Kaushik, A. Mazroei, E. Elsarrag, and S. Mishra, “Occupant productivity and indoor environment quality: A case of GSAS,” Int. J. Sustain. Built Environ., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 476–490, 2017.

S. Pinto, L. Fumincelli, A. Mazzo, S. Caldeira, and J. C. Martins, “Comfort, well-being and quality of life: Discussion of the differences and similarities among the concepts,” Porto Biomed. J., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 6–12, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.pbj.2016.11.003.

A. Sadick and M. H. Issa, “Occupants ’ indoor environmental quality satisfaction factors as measures of school teachers ’ well-being,” Build. Environ., vol. 119, pp. 99–109, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.03.045.

C. Giarma, K. Tsikaloudaki, and D. Aravantinos, “Daylighting and Visual Comfort in Buildings’ Environmental Performance Assessment Tools: A Critical Review,” Procedia Environ. Sci., vol. 38, pp. 522–529, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.proenv.2017.03.116.

M. N. Nwodo and C. J. Anumba, “A review of life cycle assessment of buildings using a systematic approach,” Build. Environ., vol. 162, p. 106290, 2019.

C. Pyke, S. Mcmahon, and T. Dietsche, “Green building & human experience: Testing Green Building Strategies with Volunteered Geographic Information,” Res. Progr. White Pap. - U.S. Green Build. Counc., 2010.

A. alah Ahadi, M. R. Saghafi, and M. Tahbaz, “The optimization of light-wells with integrating daylight and stack natural ventilation systems in deep-plan residential buildings: A case study of Tehran,” J. Build. Eng., vol. 18, no. December 2017, pp. 220–244, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2018.03.016.

A. Ghazit et al., “Performance and energy consumptions of split type air conditioning units for different arrangements of outdoor units in confined building shafts,” Build. Environ., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 285–303, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2017.07.005.

A. Mohammed, R. A. Majid, B. Alsolami, and A. Kurban, “Residents‘ perception of meenware design in residential buildings in saudi arabia,” Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 2151–2157, 2020, [Online]. Available: https://www.ijstr.org/final-print/apr2020/Residents-Perception-Of-Meenware-Design-In-Residential-Buildings-In-Saudi-Arabia.pdf.

Y. Song, J. Li, J. Wang, S. Hao, N. Zhu, and Z. Lin, “Multi-criteria approach to passive space design in buildings: Impact of courtyard spaces on public buildings in cold climates,” Build. Environ., vol. 89, pp. 295–307, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.02.025.

S. A. Nada and M. A. Said, “Performance and energy consumptions of split type air conditioning units for different arrangements of outdoor units in confined building shafts,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 123, pp. 874–890, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.05.104.

M. Á. Padilla-marcos, A. Meiss, and J. Feijó-muñoz, “Natural Ventilation of Buildings through Light Shafts . Design-Based Solution Proposals Natural Ventilation of Buildings through Light Shafts . Design- Based Solution Proposals,” 2017, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/245/5/052036.

A. Yang, C. Wen, Y. Juan, Y. Su, and J. Wu, “AC Using the Central Ventilation Shaft Design within Public Buildings for,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.05.017.

S. A. Nada and M. A. Said, “Solutions of thermal performance problems of installing AC outdoor units in buildings light wells using mechanical ventilations,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 131, pp. 295–310, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.12.016.

M. Á. Padilla-marcos, A. Meiss, and J. Feijó-muñoz, “A new application model of building ventilation with light shafts : a proposal based on case study assessment *,” vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 796–810, 2018.

T. Hwang and B. Go, “Development of an Air Duct Damper to Prevent Backflow Odor from the Ventilation Shaft in Buildings,” vol. 7581, 2018, doi: 10.3130/jaabe.16.641.

I. Khajehzadeh and B. Vale, “How New Zealanders distribute their daily time between home indoors, home outdoors and out of home,” Kōtuitui New Zeal. J. Soc. Sci. Online, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 17–31, 2017.

T. H. M. Moore et al., “The effects of changes to the built environment on the mental health and well-being of adults: systematic review,” Health Place, vol. 53, pp. 237–257, 2018.

D. S. Khan, J. Kolarik, and P. Weitzmann, “Design and application of occupant voting systems for collecting occupant feedback on indoor environmental quality of buildings–A review,” Build. Environ., p. 107192, 2020.

I. Mujan, A. S. Anđelković, V. Munćan, M. Kljajić, and D. Ružić, “Influence of indoor environmental quality on human health and productivity - A review,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 217, pp. 646–657, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.307.

Y. Al Horr, M. Arif, A. Kaushik, A. Mazroei, M. Katafygiotou, and E. Elsarrag, “Occupant productivity and office indoor environment quality: A review of the literature,” Build. Environ., vol. 105, pp. 369–389, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.06.001.

S. Zuhaib, R. Manton, C. Gri, M. Hajdukiewicz, M. M. Keane, and J. Goggins, “An Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ ) assessment of a partially-retro fi tted university building,” vol. 139, no. May, pp. 69–85, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.05.001.

M. Ortiz, L. Itard, and P. M. Bluyssen, “Indoor environmental quality related risk factors with energy-efficient retrofitting of housing: A literature review,” Energy Build., vol. 221, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.110102.

J. Park, V. Loftness, A. Aziz, and T. H. Wang, “Strategies to achieve optimum visual quality for maximum occupant satisfaction: Field study findings in office buildings,” Build. Environ., vol. 195, no. November 2020, p. 107458, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.107458.

J. Wang and D. Norbäck, “Subjective indoor air quality and thermal comfort among adults in relation to inspected and measured indoor environment factors in single-family houses in Sweden-the BETSI study,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 802, 2021.

F. J. Kelly and J. C. Fussell, “Improving indoor air quality, health and performance within environments where people live, travel, learn and work,” Atmos. Environ., vol. 200, no. August 2018, pp. 90–109, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.11.058.

C. Robson, “Designing case studies,” Real world Res. A Resour. Soc. Sci. Pract. Oxford Blackwell Publ., pp. 146–186, 1993.

BREEAM, BREEAM UK New Construction. 2014.

LEED, LEED v4 for Building Design and Construction. 2016.

H. M. Aljawder and H. A. El-wakeel, “International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning Privacy Vs . Daylight : Evaluating the Acceptance of Daylighting Traditional Devices in Contemporary Residential Houses in Bahrain,” vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 655–663, 2020.

C. Ramirez-figueroa and R. Beckett, “Living with buildings, living with microbes: probiosis and architecture,” Cambridge Univ. Press, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 155–168, 2020, doi: doi: 10.1017/S1359135520000202.

R. Work, “Comparing extracting and recirculating residential kitchen range hoods for the use in high energy efficient housing Gabriel Rojas , Iain Walker , Brett Singer,” 2021, doi: 10.20357/B7201Z.

K. W. Shi, Y. H. Huang, H. Quon, Z. L. Ou-Yang, C. Wang, and S. C. Jiang, “Quantifying the risk of indoor drainage system in multi-unit apartment building as a transmission route of SARS-CoV-2,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 762, no. xxxx, p. 143056, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143056.

S. Desai, T. Kathiriya, A. Gupta, V. Sahu, M. Yadav, and T. Jagwani, “Indoor Air Quality and Green Building: Nexus for Sustainable Development,” in Green Innovation, Sustainable Development, and Circular Economy, CRC Press, 2020, pp. 199–214.

D. Chiu, W, Kim, T and Won, “Residents’ Satisfaction with The Indoor Environmental Quality of Re-Engineered Affordable Housing Schemes in Malaysia,” Predict. Consum. Intent. to Purch. Sport. goods online An Appl. Model goal-directed Behav., p. 19, 2018, [Online]. Available: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8705/.

A. A. Inamdar, S. Morath, and J. W. Bennett, “Fungal Volatile Organic Compounds : More Than Just a Funky Smell ?,” Annu. Rev. Microbiol., 2020.

M. Mijic, D. Šumarac Pavlovic, M. Bjelic, and T. Miljkovic, “Speech privacy as a harmonizing factor in rating the sound insulation between dwellings,” Proc. Int. Congr. Acoust., vol. 2019-Septe, no. September, pp. 2946–2950, 2019, doi: 10.18154/RWTH-CONV-239235.

J. Li, Y. Song, S. Lv, and Q. Wang, “Impact evaluation of the indoor environmental performance of animate spaces in buildings,” Build. Environ., vol. 94, no. P1, pp. 353–370, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.08.007.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.12.2.15263

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development