Recognition of Emotion in Indian Classical Dance Using EMG Signal

Shraddha A. Mithbavkar, Milind S. Shah


Indian classical dance forms like Kathak are an enrichment of Indian culture and tradition. These dance forms glorify its beauty by expressing nine emotions (Navras) such as Adbhut (amazed), Bhayanaka (fearful), Hasya (humorous), Karuna (tragic), Raudra (fierce), Shringar (loving smile), Veer (heroic), Bibhatsa (disgusted), and Shant (peaceful). Identifying correct emotions is an important task. The objective of this research work is to recognize Navras in the Kathak dance. Proposed research work can assist dance teachers in an accurate and unbiased evaluation process of dance examination. This research work analyzed the Electromyogram (EMG) signals acquired from eleven subjects. The EMG signals collected from the various locations on the face and neck represent the emotions and head movement. The EMG signals are processed to extract integrated EMG (IEMG) features. This research introduced a new feature named 'difference in IEMG feature' for improving the accuracy of emotion recognition. For the classification of nine emotions, the Least Square Support Vector Machine (LSSVM), Nonlinear Autoregressive Exogenous Network (NARX), and Long- and Short-Term Memory (LSTM) classifiers were used. The classifiers' performance is judged with head motion and without head motion. The classification accuracies are calculated using a maximum, variance, and mean of the feature. LSSVM, NARX, and LSTM classifiers achieved 60.80%, 81.67%, and 92.28% classification accuracies, respectively, using the IEMG feature and head motion. Using the new feature, LSSVM, NARX, and LSTM classifiers achieved 64.29%, 81.27%, and 93.63% classification accuracies, respectively. The overall classification accuracy improved by 1.46% by using the new feature.


Emotion recognition; EMG; classifier; Indian classical dance; Kathak; Navras.

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