Performance of Soybean Genotypes in the Acidic Dryland and Wetland

M. Muchlish Adie, Yuliantoro Baliadi, Eriyanto Yusnawan, Andy Wijanarko, Ayda Krisnawati


The agroecosystem for soybean cultivation in Indonesia is diverse, such as the acidic dryland and the wetland after rice cultivation. This research aims to evaluate the performance of seed yield and agronomic traits and identify soybean genotypes with good adaptation in the acidic dryland and wetland environments. Twelve soybean genotypes were evaluated for their yield and yield components in Lampung (dry land) and Banyuwangi (wetland). The result showed the similarity in the days to flowering and maturity between land types. The average performance of the plant height, number of branches, number of fertile nodes, and number of filled pods in the wetland was higher than in the acidic dryland. The average 100 seeds weight in acidic dryland and wetland were 13.00 g and 17.13 g, respectively. The seed yield in the acidic dryland and wetland were 2.12 t/ha and 3.37 t/ha, respectively. Based on the seed yield, there were three groups of adaptive genotypes. The first group consists of genotype adaptive in the acidic dryland (SPL-186, 2.85 t/ha), the second group consists of genotype adaptive in the wetland, namely (SPL-183, 3.59 t/ha), and the third group consists of genotypes adaptive in both land types (SPL-182 and SPL-181, 3.05 and 3.07 t/ha, respectively). The SPL-182 and SPL-181 maintained their high potential yield both in the acidic dryland and wetland, implying adaptable genotypes. Those genotypes are recommended to be developed in acidic dryland as well as the wetland. These findings pave the way for increasing soybean yield productivity.


Agronomic character; cluster; pH; seed yield.

Full Text:



Z. Tadele, “Raising crop productivity in Africa through intensification,†Agronomy, vol. 7, no. 1, Mar. 2017, doi: 10.3390/agronomy7010022.

G. Agegnehu, C. Yirha, and T. Erkossa, Soil Acidity Management. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), 2019.

T. . Blumenschein, K. A. Nelson, and P. P. Motavalli, “Impact of a new deep vertical lime placement practice on corn and soybean production in conservation tillage systems,†Agronomy, vol. 8, no. 7, 2018, doi: 10.3390/agronomy8070104.

D. Muleta, M. H. Ryder, and M. D. Denton, “The potential for rhizobial inoculation to increase soybean grain yields on acid soils in Ethiopia,†Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 441–451, Sep. 2017, doi: 10.1080/00380768.2017.1370961.

M. M. Adie, A. Krisnawati, and R. Iswanto, “Agronomic performance of soybean genotypes in lowland paddy fields under zero-tillage condition,†Biosaintifika J. Biol. Biol. Educ., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 140–146, Aug. 2020, doi: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i2.23263.

D. A. A. Elisabeth, S. Mutmaidah, and A. Harsono, “Adoption determinants of biofertilizer technology for soybean in rainfed area,†in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Nov. 2019, vol. 347, no. 1, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/347/1/012114.

D. Gawęda, A. Nowak, M. Haliniarz, and A. Woźniak, “Yield and economic effectiveness of soybean grown under different cropping systems,†Int. J. Plant Prod., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 475–485, Sep. 2020, doi: 10.1007/s42106-020-00098-1.

O. Sobko, S. Zikeli, W. Claupein, and S. Gruber, “Seed yield, seed protein, oil content, and agronomic characteristics of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) depending on different seeding systems and cultivars in Germany,†Agronomy, vol. 10, no. 7, Jul. 2020, doi: 10.3390/agronomy10071020.

M. M. Adie and A. Krisnawati, “Identification of soybean genotypes adaptive and productive to acid soil agro-ecosystem,†Biodiversitas, vol. 17, no. 2, 2016, doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d170225.

H. Kuswantoro, “Genetic variability and heritability of acid-adaptive soybean promising lines,†Biodiversitas, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 378–382, Jan. 2017, doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d180149.

N. Matsuo, T. Yamada, Y. Takada, K. Fukami, and M. Hajika, “Effect of plant density on growth and yield of new soybean genotypes grown under early planting condition in southwestern Japan,†Plant Prod. Sci., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 16–25, Jan. 2018, doi: 10.1080/1343943X.2018.1432981.

B. Q. V. Machado et al., “Phenotypic and genotypic correlations between soybean agronomic traits and path analysis,†Genet. Mol. Res., vol. 16, no. 2, Jun. 2017, doi: 10.4238/gmr16029696.

I. M. Pérez-Ramos, L. Matías, L. Gómez-Aparicio, and Ó. Godoy, “Functional traits and phenotypic plasticity modulate species coexistence across contrasting climatic conditions,†Nat. Commun., vol. 10, no. 1, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10453-0.

P. E. R. Marchiori et al., “Physiological plasticity is important for maintaining sugarcane growth under water deficit,†Front. Plant Sci., vol. 8, Dec. 2017, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.02148.

Minitab, “Getting Started with Minitab Statistical Software.†Minitab, LLC, 2020.

W. B. Suwarno, Sobir, and T. Sitaresmi, “Analisis keragaman genetik untuk pemuliaan tanaman dengan PBSTAT-CL,†Bogor, 2019.

R. Tabassum, A. F. M. S. Islam, M. Rahman, and F. I. Monshi, “Morpho-physiological features and yield attributes of soybean genotypes in acid soil,†Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci., vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 11–20, 2015, [Online]. Available:

M. I. Uguru, • Benedict, C. Oyiga, and E. A. Jandong, “Responses of Some Soybean Genotypes to Different Soil pH Regimes in two Planting Seasons,†African J. Plant Sci. Biotechnol., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 26–37, 2012.

A. Singla and R. Singh, “Estimation of avoidable yield losses in chickpea caused by Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae),†Phytoparasitica, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 755–765, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.1007/s12600-020-00833-4.

M. Sarjan, “Influence of attack intensity of sucking pod (Riptorus linearis), to the yield of superior soybean varieties in drought stress condition,†in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Jul. 2020, vol. 519, no. 1, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/519/1/012037.

A. Bhartiya, J. P. Aditya, K. Singh, Pushpendra, J. P. Purwar, and A. Agarwal, “AMMI & GGE biplot analysis of multi environment yield trial of soybean in North Western Himalayan state Uttarakhand of India,†Legum. Res., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 306–312, Apr. 2017, doi: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.3548.

A. S. Milioli et al., “Yield stability and relationships among stability parameters in soybean genotypes across years,†Chil. J. Agric. Res., vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 299–309, Jun. 2018, doi: 10.4067/S0718-58392018000200299.

A. Xavier et al., “Genome-wide analysis of grain yield stability and environmental interactions in a multiparental soybean population,†G3 Genes, Genomes, Genet., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 519–529, Feb. 2018, doi: 10.1534/g3.117.300300.

R. Ghimire, S. Machado, and P. Bista, “Soil ph, soil organic matter, and crop yields in winter wheat-summer fallow systems,†Agron. J., vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 706–717, 2017, doi: 10.2134/agronj2016.08.0462.

B. Tóth, C. Juhász, M. Labuschagne, and M. J. Moloi, “The influence of soil acidity on the physiological responses of two bread wheat cultivars,†Plants, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 1–13, 2020, doi: 10.3390/plants9111472.

X. Zhang, Y. Long, J. Huang, and J. Xia, “Molecular mechanisms for coping with Al toxicity in plants,†Int. J. Mol. Sci., vol. 20, no. 7, Apr. 2019, doi: 10.3390/ijms20071551.

S. J. Zheng, “Crop production on acidic soils: Overcoming aluminium toxicity and phosphorus deficiency,†Ann. Bot., vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 183–184, Jul. 2010, doi: 10.1093/aob/mcq134.

C. Liang et al., “Low pH, aluminum, and phosphorus coordinately regulate malate exudation through GmALMT1 to improve soybean adaptation to acid soils,†Plant Physiol., vol. 161, no. 3, pp. 1347–1361, 2013, doi: 10.1104/pp.112.208934.

H. Kuswantoro, “Increasing grain size improves grain yield of acid-adaptive soybean lines in optimal soil condition,†J. Plant Sci., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 79–89, 2015, doi: 10.3923/jps.2015.79.89.

M. M. Adie and A. Krisnawati, “Characterization and clustering of agronomic characters of several soybean genotypes,†Nusant. Biosci., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 237–242, 2017, doi: 10.13057/nusbiosci/n090301.

H. Kuswantoro, R. Artari, W. Rahajeng, E. Ginting, and A. Supeno, “Genetic Variability, Heritability, and Correlation of Some Agronomical Characters of Soybean Varieties,†Biosaintifika J. Biol. Biol. Educ., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2018, doi: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i1.9939.

H. Kuswantoro, R. Artari, R. Iswanto, and H. Imani, “Family structure of F5 soybeans lines derived from soybean varieties with the main differences on seed size and maturity traits,†Biodiversitas, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 2576–2585, Jun. 2020, doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d210630.

W. de S. Leite, S. H. Unêda-Trevisoli, F. M. da Silva, A. J. da Silva, and A. O. Di Mauro, “Identification of superior genotypes and soybean traits by multivariate analysis and selection index,†Rev. Cienc. Agron., vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 491–500, Jul. 2018, doi: 10.5935/1806-6690.20180056.

J. Borah, A. Singode, A. Talukdar, R. R. Yadav, and R. N. Sarma, “Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) reveal candidate genes for plant height and number of primary branches in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill],†Indian J. Genet. Plant Breed., vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 460–469, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.31742/IJGPB.78.4.8.

A. T. Adsul, V. P. Chimote, and M. P. Deshmukh, “Inheritance of seed longevity and its association with other seed-related traits in soybean (Glycine max),†Agric. Res., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 105–111, Jun. 2018, doi: 10.1007/s40003-018-0297-7.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development