The Effect of Garlic (Allium Sativum L) flour as a Feed Additive on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Super Free-Range Chickens

Jein Rinny Leke, Erwin Wantasen, Florencia Sompie, Ratna Siahaan, James Hellyward, Mirzah Mirzah


The objective of this study was to determine the effects of feeding Garlic Flour (GF) meals on the performances and carcass characteristics of super free-range chickens (SFRCs). Two hundred SFRCs were divided into 5 treatments with 5 replicates per replicate containing eight chickens. This experiment used a completely randomized design (CRD) with Basal Feed (BF) and GF. The 5 treatments were P0 = BF + 0% GF, P1 = BF + 1% GF, P2 = BF + 2% GF, P3 = BF + 3% GF, and P4 = BF + 4% GF. Variables were the weight of dressed, carcass, breast, heart, liver; abdominal fat, cholesterol, HDL, LDL of blood; cholesterol, water content, protein content, and fat content. Data were analyzed using the ANOVA test, and significant differences between treatments were determined using a Duncan multiple-range test (DMRT). The result of this study showed that P4 was significantly different (P<0.01) between percentages of dressed weight, percentages of the carcass, breast weight, heart weight, liver weight, abdominal fat, blood cholesterol, blood HDL, blood LDL, cholesterol, water content, protein, and fat of meat. In conclusion, GF can act as an organic food additive which P4 could increase growth and carcass performances with no negative effects on SFRCs. This research recommends that garlic be used for chicken feed; it can also be a juice drink.


Feed additive; garlic flour; super free-range chicken; native chicken.

Full Text:



M. Basri, M. N. Hidayat, and R. Rusny, “Percentage of Carcass and Protein Content of Breast Meat of Native Chicken Given Apu-Apu Flour (Pistia stratiotes),” Chalaza J. Anim. Husb., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 22–28, 2020, doi: 10.31327/chalaza.v5i1.1255.

J. R. Leke, J. S. Mandey, F. Ratulangi, and M. Najoan, “Effect of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) protein on carcass and meat quality of kampong chicken,” J. Indones. Trop. Anim. Agric., vol. 43, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.14710/jitaa.43.1.35-42.

N. I. Varianti, U. Atmomarsono, and L. D. Mahfudz, “Pengaruh Pemberian Pakan dengan Sumber Protein Berbeda terhadap Efisiensi Penggunaan Protein Ayam Lokal Persilangan,” J. Agripet, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 53–59, 2017, doi: 10.17969/agripet.v17i1.7257.

C. Hidayat and S. Iskandar, “The influence of dietary protein and energy levels on the performance, meat bone ratio and meat chemical composition of SenSi-1 Agrinak chicken,” J. Ilmu Ternak dan Vet., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2019, doi: 10.14334/jitv.v24i1.1913.

C. Manyi-Loh, S. Mamphweli, E. Meyer, and A. Okoh, Antibiotic use in agriculture and its consequential resistance in environmental sources: Potential public health implications, vol. 23, no. 4. 2018.

U. Santoso, Y. Fenita, K. Kususiyah, K. Rusdi, E. M. Savitri, and N. W. Simanjutak, “Effect of Turmeric and Garlic Inclusion to Sauropus androgynus-Bay Leaves Containing Diets on Performance, and Carcass Quality of Broilers,” Bul. Peternak., vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 233–239, 2020, doi: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i4.52285.

S. Sugiharto, T. Yudiarti, I. Isroli, E. Widiastuti, and H. I. Wahyuni, “Hematological parameters and selected intestinal microbiota populations in the Indonesian indigenous crossbred chickens fed basal diet supplemented with multi-strain probiotic preparation in combination with vitamins and minerals,” Vet. World, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 874–882, 2018, doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2018.874-882.

B. Divya, B. Suman, Ll. kumar, M. Venkataswamy, B. Eswari, and K. Thyagaraju, “The Role of Allium Sativum (Garlic) in Various Diseases and Its Health Benefits: a Comprehensive Review.,” Int. J. Adv. Res., vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 592–602, 2017, doi: 10.21474/ijar01/5094.

K. Damaziak, J. Riedel, D. Gozdowski, J. Niemiec, A. Siennicka, and D. Róg, “Productive performance and egg quality of laying hens fed diets supplemented with garlic and onion extracts,” J. Appl. Poult. Res., vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 337–349, 2017, doi: 10.3382/japr/pfx001.

I. N. S. Jaya, N. K. D. Haryani, and B. Indarsih, “The addition of fresh garlic (Allivum sativum L.) in duck feed reduces cholesterol content of duck egg,” J. Kedokt. Hewan - Indones. J. Vet. Sci., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 104–106, 2019, doi: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v12i4.9028.

J. R. Leke, J. S. Mandey, and F. J. Nangoy, “Nutrients and cholesterol of eggs affected by dried tomato meal in laying hens diet,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 178–180, 2015, doi: 10.18517/ijaseit.5.3.522.

P. Sunu, D. Sunarti, L. D. Mahfudz, and V. D. Yunianto, “Prebiotic activity of garlic (Allium sativum) extract on Lactobacillus acidophilus,” Vet. World, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 2046–2051, 2019, doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2019.2046-2051.

E. A. Ibrahim, “In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Allium sativum (Garlic) Against Wound Infection Pathogens,” J. Med. Sci., vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 1–8, 2017.

T. Zhang, Y. Yang, Y. Liang, X. Jiao, and C. Zhao, “Beneficial effect of intestinal fermentation of natural polysaccharides,” Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 8, 2018, doi: 10.3390/nu10081055.

B. Borgohain, J. Mahanta, R. Islam, D. Sapcota, S. Sarma, and M. Borah, “Effect of Feeding Garlic (Allium sativum) as Prebiotic on the Performance of Broiler Chicken,” Int. J. Livest. Res., vol. 7, no. 7, p. 1, 2017, doi: 10.5455/ijlr.20170520043023.

M. Asrat, T. Zeryehun, N. Amha, and M. Urge, “Effects of supplementation of different levels of garlic (Allium sativum) on egg production, egg quality and hatchability of White Leghorn chicken,” Livest. Res. Rural Dev. , vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 1–8, Mar. 2018, Accessed: Jul. 26, 2020. [Online]. Available:

J. R. Leke, E. Wantasen, F. Sompie, F. H. Elly, and R. Siahan, “The Characteristics and Quality of Egg from Commercial Laying Hens Fed with Garlic (Allium Sativum) Supplemented Ration,” Anim. Prod., vol. 21, no. 2, p. 98, 2020, doi: 10.20884/1.jap.2019.21.2.746.

B. Borgohain, J. D. Mahanta, D. Sapcota, B. Handique, and R. Islam, “Effect of Feeding Garlic (Allium sativum) on Haematological, Serum Biochemical Profile and Carcass Characteristics in Broiler Chicken,” Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 492–500, 2019, doi: 10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.054.

M. S. Ali, M. Kamruzzaman, and Z. H. Khandaker, “Effects of feeding garlic powder on growth performance and meat quality of broiler,” Bangladesh J. Anim. Sci., vol. 45, no. 2 SE-Articles, Sep. 2016, doi: 10.3329/bjas.v45i2.29815.

Soeparno, Ilmu Dan Teknologi Daging , 4th ed. Gadjah Mada University Press, 2005.

D. Gudev, S. Popova-Ralcheva, I. Ianchev, and P. Moneva, “Effect of betaine and air ammonia concentration on broiler performance, plasma corticosterone level, lymphoid organ weights and some haematological indices,” Biotechnol. Anim. HusbandryBiotehnologija u Stoc., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 687–703, 2011, doi: 10.2298/bah1103687g.

A. of O. A. Chemist, “Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists,” J. Assoc. Off. Agric. Chem., vol. 1, no. 15, 1990, doi: 10.7312/seir17116-004.

S. R.G.D and T. J.H, Principles and Procedures of Statistics. New York, Toronto, London, 1995.

C. Jacob, J. Leke, C. Sarajar, and L. Tangkau, “Penampilan Produksi Ayam Kampung Super Melalui Penambahan Juice Daun Gedi (Abelmochus Manihot L. Medik) Dalam Air Minum,” J. Zootec Univ. Sam Ratulangi, vol. 39, no. 2, 2019, [Online]. Available:

I. Darmawan, E. Suprijatna, and U. Atmomarsono, “Effect of Frequency and Feeding Period on Carcass Production in Crossbred Native Chicken,” J. Sains Peternak. Indones., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 10–15, 2017, doi: 10.31186/

Y. Zhang, W. Jing, N. Zhang, J. Hao, and J. Xing, “Effect of maternal folate deficiency on growth performance, slaughter performance, and serum parameters of broiler offspring,” J. Poult. Sci., vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 270–276, 2020, doi: 10.2141/jpsa.0190125.

N. Nuraini, Z. Hidayat, and K. Yolanda, “Performa Bobot Badan Akhir, Bobot Karkas serta Persentase Karkas Ayam Merawang pada Keturunan dan Jenis Kelamin yang Berbeda,” Sains Peternak., vol. 16, no. 2, p. 69, 2018, doi: 10.20961/sainspet.v16i2.23236.

M. M. D. Utami, D. Pantaya, and A. Agus, “Addition of Garlic Extract in Ration to Reduce Cholesterol Level of Broiler,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 953, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/953/1/012124.

R. . Murray, D. . Granner, and P. . Mayes, Biokimia Harper, 25th ed. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran, 2003.

E. Tugiyanti and E. Susanti, “The Effect of Breadfruit Leaf Flour (Artocarpus altilis) on Number of Blood Cells And Correlation Between Cholesterol Blood and Meat of Tegal Ducks 10 Weeks Age,” Anim. Prod., vol. 19, no. 3, p. 179, 2018, doi: 10.20884/1.jap.2017.19.3.635.

H. Amagase, B. Petesch, H. Matsuura, S. Kasuga, and Y. Itakura, “Intake of Garlic and Its Bioactive Components,” J. Nutr., vol. 131, no. 3, pp. 955S-962S, 2001.

O. V. Obajuluwa, K. A. Sanwo, L. T. Egbeyale, and A. O. Fafiolu, “Performance, blood profile and gut morphometry of broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with Yohimbe (Pausynistalia yohimbe) and Larvacide,” Vet. Anim. Sci., vol. 10, no. April, p. 100127, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.vas.2020.100127.

R. . Lawrie and D. Ledward, Lawrie’s Meat Science, 7th Edition. Woodhead Publishing, 2006.

A. Osman et al., “Dietary supplementation of soybean glycinin can alter the growth, carcass traits, blood biochemical indices, and meat quality of broilers,” Poult. Sci., vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 820–828, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2019.12.026.

M. Keusgen, “Health and alliums,” Allium Crop Sci. Recent Adv., pp. 357–378, Jan. 2002, doi: 10.1079/9780851995106.0357.

P. Lengkidworraphiphat, R. Wongpoomchai, S. Taya, and S. Jaturasitha, “Effect of genotypes on macronutrients and antioxidant capacity of chicken breast meat,” Asian-Australasian J. Anim. Sci., vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1817–1823, 2020, doi: 10.5713/ajas.19.0736.

Berliana, Nelwida, and Nurhayati, “Massa Protein dan Lemak Daging Dada pada Ayam Broiler yang Mengkonsumsi Ransum Mengandung Bawang Hitam ( Black garlic ) Breast Meat Mass Protein and Fat of Broiler Chicken Consumed Diet Containing Black Garlic,” J. Sains Peternak. Indones., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 15–22, 2020.

F. Mosca, L. Zaniboni, S. Stella, C. A. Kuster, N. Iaffaldano, and S. Cerolini, “Management and production research note: Slaughter performance and meat quality of Milanino chickens reared according to a specific free-range program,” Poult. Sci., vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 1148–1154, 2018, doi: 10.3382/ps/pex439.

S. Yalçin, I. Onbaşilar, A. Şehu, and S. Yalçin, “The effects of dietary garlic powder on the performance, egg traits and blood serum cholesterol of laying quails,” Asian-Australasian J. Anim. Sci., vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 944–947, 2007, doi: 10.5713/ajas.2007.944.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development