Experimental Study of Masonry Wall Strengthened by Polypropylene Fiber Mortar

Annisa Prita Melinda, Eka Juliafad


Based on previous studies, the average strength of Indonesia's masonry wall shows a weak compressive strength that increases the vulnerability of buildings with masonry walls towards the seismic load. This study presents an experimental investigation of the masonry wall's flexural capacity strengthened with Polypropylene Fiber (PP Fiber). In general, the experiments were divided into two groups: the masonry wall with PP Fiber in a joint mortar and the masonry wall with PP Fiber in a plastering. The investigation was carried out on twelve specimens. The specimens consisted of three standard masonry wall (DBK) samples as the controlled specimens, which are without plastering and PP Fiber, three masonry wall samples with PP Fiber (DBP) in a joint mortar, three masonry wall samples with normal plastering (DBKP), and three masonry wall samples with PP Fiber in a joint mortar and plastering (DBPP). The experimental investigation proved that the addition of PP Fiber to the mortar mixture at joint masonry mortar could increase the masonry wall's flexural capacity. The results showed that the mortar with 8% PP Fiber improves the compressive strength by 58.46%. The flexural testing showed that 8% PP Fiber to the mortar could increase the flexural capacity to 35.8%. The maximum deflection also increases as much as 38.58% for masonry walls with PP Fiber on mortar and plastering, compared to the masonry wall without PP Fiber. In addition, the presence of Polypropylene Fiber contributes to give a higher flexural capacity.


Strengthening; flexural strength; brick wall; plastering; polypropylene fiber.

Full Text:



Maidiawati, Agus, Y. Sanada, and J. Tanjung, “Seismic Performance Evaluation of Indonesian Existing R/C Building Considering Brick Infill,†Procedia Eng., vol. 171, pp. 1043–1051, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.01.450.

N. Eren, E. Brunesi, and R. Nascimbene, “Influence of masonry infills on the progressive collapse resistance of reinforced concrete framed buildings,†Eng. Struct., vol. 178, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.10.056.

L. Liberatore, F. Noto, F. Mollaioli, and P. Franchin, “In-plane response of masonry infill walls: Comprehensive experimentally-based equivalent strut model for deterministic and probabilistic analysis,†Eng. Struct., vol. 167, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.04.057.

E. Juliafad, H. Gokon, and R. R. Putra, “Defect Study On Single Storey Reinforced Concrete Building In West Sumatra: Before And After 2009 West Sumatra Earthquake,†Int. J. GEOMATE, vol. 20, no. 77, pp. 205–212, 2021, doi: 10.21660/2020.77.ICEE03.

E. Juliafad and A. P. Melinda, “Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Building for Disaster Reduction Strategy in Padang City, West Sumatra, Indonesia,†MATEC Web Conf., vol. 258, p. 03007, 2019, doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201925803007.

E. Juliafad, I. G. Rani, F. Rifwan, and P. Yose Fajar, “Concreting workmanship in Indonesia study case: Padang City, West Sumatra, Indonesia,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, 2019, doi: 10.18517/ijaseit.9.1.7201.

E. Vasanelli, A. Calia, V. Luprano, and F. Micelli, “Ultrasonic pulse velocity test for non-destructive investigations of historical masonries: an experimental study of the effect of frequency and applied load on the response of a limestone,†Mater. Struct. Constr., vol. 50, no. 1, 2017, doi: 10.1617/s11527-016-0892-7.

E. Mustafaraj and Y. Yardim, “Retrofitting damaged unreinforced masonry using external shear strengthening techniques,†J. Build. Eng., vol. 26, no. May, p. 100913, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100913.

N. Gattesco and I. Boem, “Characterization tests of GFRM coating as a strengthening technique for masonry buildings,†Compos. Struct., vol. 165, pp. 209–222, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.01.043.

P. Zampieri, N. Simoncelo, C. D. Tetougueni, and C. Pellegrino, “Review article A review of methods for strengthening of masonry arches with composite materials,†Eng. Struct., vol. 171, no. May, pp. 154–169, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.05.070.

A. Chourasia, S. Singhal, and J. Parashar, “Experimental investigation of seismic strengthening technique for con fi ned masonry buildings,†J. Build. Eng., vol. 25, no. February, p. 100834, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100834.

N. Sathiparan and K. Meguro, “Strengthening of adobe houses with arch roofs using tie-bars and polypropylene band mesh,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 82, pp. 360–375, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.02.071.

A. Dalalbashi, B. Ghiassi, D. V Oliveira, and A. Freitas, “E ff ect of test setup on the fi ber-to-mortar pull-out response in TRM composites : Experimental and analytical modeling,†Compos. Part B, vol. 143, no. February, pp. 250–268, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.02.010.

M. J. Boyle, W. L. Barringer, M. R. Gardner, J. T. Guthrie, and D. L. Hollingsworth, “Guide for Submittal of Concrete Proportions Reported by ACI Committee 211,†Concrete, pp. 1–6.

T. Sakai, Y. Hirai, and S. Somiya, “Estimating the creep behavior of glass- fiber-reinforced polyamide considering the effects of crystallinity and fiber volume fraction,†2018.

A. Mohammed, T. G. Hughes, and A. Mustapha, “The effect of scale on the structural behaviour of masonry under compression,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 303–307, 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.06.025.

A. Mustea and D. L. Manea, “Influence of Polypropylene Fibers upon the Mechanical Characteristics of Reinforced Composite Mortars,†Procedia Eng., vol. 181, pp. 338–345, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.02.398.

M. K. Sam and P. New, “Predicting The Compressive Strength of Concrete,†no. August, pp. 28–29, 2003.

E. Juliafad, K. Meguro, and H. Gokon, “Study on The Characteristic of Concrete and Brick as Construction Material for Reinforced Concrete Buildings in Indonesia .â€

L. Sorrentino and S. Cattari, “Seismic behaviour of ordinary masonry buildings during the 2016 central Italy earthquakes,†Bull. Earthq. Eng., 2018, doi: 10.1007/s10518-018-0370-4.

J. Sasah and C. K. Kankam, “Study of brick mortar using sawdust as partial replacement for sand,†vol. 8, no. July, pp. 59–66, 2017, doi: 10.5897/JCECT2017.0450.

A. Costigan and S. Pavía, “Compressive , flexural and bond strength of brick / lime mortar masonry,†no. 1993, pp. 1609–1615, 2009.

A. P. Melinda, E. Juliafad, and F. Yusmar, “Pemanfaatan Serat Polypropylene untuk Meningkatkan Kuat Tekan Mortar dan Kuat Tekan Pasangan Bata,†J. Civ. Eng. Vocat. Educ., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 176–180, 2020.

N. Sathiparan, K. Sakurai, M. Numada, and K. Meguro, “Experimental investigation on the seismic performance of PP-band strengthening stone masonry houses,†Bull. Earthq. Eng., vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 2177–2196, 2013, doi: 10.1007/s10518-013-9502-z.

J. Eidan, I. Rasoolan, A. Rezaeian, and D. Poorveis, “Residual mechanical properties of polypropylene fiber-reinforced concrete after heating,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 198, pp. 195–206, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.11.209.

Y. Qin, X. Zhang, J. Chai, Z. Xu, and S. Li, “Experimental study of compressive behavior of polypropylene-fiber- reinforced and polypropylene-fiber-fabric-reinforced concrete,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 194, pp. 216–225, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.11.042.

H. Zhang, L. Wang, K. Zheng, B. T. Jibrin, and P. G. Totakhil, “Research on compressive impact dynamic behavior and constitutive model of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 187, pp. 584–595, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.07.164.

S. Elkatatny, R. Gajbhiye, A. Ahmed, and A. Abdulhamid, “Enhancing the cement quality using polypropylene fiber,†J. Pet. Explor. Prod. Technol., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 1097–1107, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s13202-019-00804-4.

B. Li, Y. Chi, L. Xu, Y. Shi, and C. Li, “Experimental investigation on the flexural behavior of steel-polypropylene hybrid fiber reinforced concrete,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 191, pp. 80–94, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.09.202.

D. Wang, Y. Ju, H. Shen, and L. Xu, “Mechanical properties of high performance concrete reinforced with basalt fiber and polypropylene fiber,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 197, pp. 464–473, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.11.181.

F. M. Z. Hossain, K. Islam, M. Tiznobaik, and M. S. Alam, “Mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete containing crumb rubber and polypropylene fiber,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 225, pp. 983–996, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.07.245.

L. G. Baltazar, F. M. A. Henriques, and M. T. Cidade, “E ff ects of Polypropylene Fibers and Measurement Methods on the Yield Stress of Grouts for the Consolidation of Heritage Masonry Walls,†2020.

E. Suhelmidawati, F. Adibroto, S. Hanwar, and M. Numada, “Experimental Test of Masonry Wallets Retrofitted by ABACA Fiber Reinforced Mortar,†vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 929–935, 2019.

A. Furtado, H. Rodrigues, H. Varum, and A. Costa, “Evaluation of different strengthening techniques’ efficiency for a soft storey building,†Eur. J. Environ. Civ. Eng., vol. 21, no. 4, 2017, doi: 10.1080/19648189.2015.1119064.

Z. H. Mohebi, A. B. Bahnamiri, and M. Dehestani, “Effect of polypropylene fibers on bond performance of reinforcing bars in high strength concrete,†Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 215, pp. 401–409, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.04.230.

A. El-Newihy, P. Azarsa, Ri. Gupta, and A. Biparva, “Effect of Polypropylene Fibers on Self-Healing and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity Recovery of Fiber Reinforced Concrete,†fibers, vol. 6, no. 9, 2018, doi: 10.3390/fib6010009.

E. Juliafad, R. Ananda, D. Sulistyo, B. Suhendro, and R. Hidayat, “Nonlinear Finite Element Method Analysis of After Fire Reinforced Concrete Beam Strengthened with Carbon Fiber Strip Nonlinear Finite Element Method Analysis of After Fire Reinforced Concrete Beam Strengthened with Carbon Fiber Strip,†2019, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1175/1/012019.

J. . Rios, M. Ortiz, P. A. M, and C. Leiva, “Effect of polypropylene fibers on the fracture behavior of heated ultra-high performance concrete,†Int. J. Fract., 2019, doi: 10.1007/s10704-019-00407-4.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.12.3.11198


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development