On Developing a New 5G Spectrum Usage Fee Model for Indonesia

Alfin Hikmaturokhman, Kalamullah Ramli, Muhammad Suryanegara


This paper reports on the development of the 5G spectrum usage fee in Indonesia. The fee was first applied in 2010 to charge mobile network operators (MNOs) that provided cellular services. However, cellular technologies have improved rapidly from 2G, 3G, 4G to 5G, and many modern innovative cellular services demand larger spectrum bandwidth. Therefore, the existing spectrum usage fee must be revised to meet the needs of the community better and to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of spectrum use. This study modifies the characteristics of the existing cost structure of the Indonesian spectrum usage fee, designing and proposing a new 5G spectrum usage fee model to support 5G technology usage scenarios and maximize the benefits of the mid-band (3.5 GHz), mmWave, or high band radio frequencies (26 GHz and 28 GHz). The new spectrum usage fee model includes spectrum-sharing parameters (non-orthogonal spectrum-sharing and orthogonal spectrum sharing) and private network to optimize the use of the available spectrum because the new proposing formula does not use the nationwide population, but instead, it uses the population within a specific area with both human and non-human (machine) populations. This new model is expected to help regulators prepare 5G technology regulations for application in Indonesia.


5G spectrum usage fee; 5G bhp; 5G spectrum sharing; 5G frequency license fee; 5G private network.

Full Text:



T. Wang, G. Li, J. Ding, Q. Miao, J. Li, and Y. Wang, “5G spectrum: is China ready?†IEEE Commun., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 58–65, 2015.

Y. Wei and S.-H. Hwang, “Spectrum values in suburban/urban environments above 1.5 GHz,†Electronics, vol. 7, issue 12, p. 401, 2018.

M. Suryanegara et al., “What are the Indonesian concerns about the Internet of Things (IoT)? Portraying the profile of the prospective market,†IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 2957–2968, 2019.

Sumber daya dan perangkat pos dan informatika, “Buku data statistik direktorat jenderal sumber daya dan perangkat pos dan informatika semester I tahun 2018,†Jakarta, 2018.

H.-C. Yu, Z.-L. Lee and H.-Y. Lee, “Revising Taiwan’s frequency usage fee regulation,†Telecommun. Pol., vol. 28, no. 9–10, pp. 679–695, 2004.

I. Ismail et al., “Refining spectrum fee to increase utilization efficiency by adopting ITU-R SM 2012-2 case study: cellular service in Indonesia,†J. ICT Res. Appl., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–22, 2010.

Ismail et al. "Techno-Economic Model for Policy Assessment to Optimize Spectrum Frequency Utilization Study Case: Frequency Fee for FWA and GSM Services in Indonesia." , 2010

B. A. Shaw, H. F. Beltrán, and K. W. Sowerby, “Valuing spectrum at mm wavelengths for cellular networks,†14th International Telecommunications Society (ITS) Asia-Pacific Regional Conference, Kyoto, 2017.

P. S. M. Tripathi and R. Prasad, “Spectrum for 5Gp services,†Wireless Personal Commun., vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 539–555, 2018.

Global Mobile Suppliers Association, “Asia Pacific – thought leaders in the 5G spectrum domain – key spectrum aspects,†Forum Global the 5th annual Asia Pacific Spectrum Management Conference, Kuala Lumpur, 2019.

Huawei Technologies, “5G spectrum public policy position,†2017.

“IMT Vision: Framework and overall objectives of the future development of IMT for 2020 and beyond,†Recommendation ITU-R M.2083-0, 2015.

Global mobile Suppliers Association, "GSA Views On 5G Spectrum Awards In 3400-3800 Mhz In Europe", April 2019

M. Nekovee and R. Rudd, “5G spectrum sharing,†arXiv preprint arXiv: 1708.03772, 2017.

Global Mobile Suppliers Association, “Global progress to 5G - trials, deployments, and launches,†2019.

A. Hikmaturokhman, K. Ramli and M. Suryanegara, "Spectrum Considerations for 5G in Indonesia," 2018 International Conference on ICT for Rural Development (IC-ICTRuDev), Badung Regency, Indonesia, 2018, pp. 23-28. DOI: 10.1109/ICICTR.2018.8706874.

Penataan Ulang (Refarming) Pita Frekuensi Seluler 2.1 Ghz [Online]. Available: https://postel.go.id/berita-penataan-ulang-refarming-pita-frekuensi-seluler-2-1-ghz-27-3397. Accessed on July 28, 2018.

Penerbitan surat edaran menteri perihal kebijakan penataan pita frekuensi radio 1800 MHz [Online]. Available: https://www.postel.go.id/berita-penerbitan-surat-edaran-menteri-perihal-kebijakan-penataan-pita-frekuensi-r%7d-26-2278. Accessed July 28, 2018.

D. Setiawan, alokasi frekuensi kebijakan dan perencanaan spektrum Indonesia, 2010.

B. A. Shaw, H. F. Beltrán, and K. W. Sowerby, “Valuing spectrum at mm wavelengths for cellular networks,†2017.

Peraturan pemerintah Republik Indonesia nomor 76 tahun 2010, tentang jenis dan tarif atas jenis penerimaan negara bukan pajak yang berlaku pada departemen komunikasi dan informatika.

Peraturan pemerintah Republik Indonesia nomor 80 tahun 2015, tentang jenis dan tarif atas jenis penerimaan negara bukan pajak yang berlaku pada departemen komunikasi dan informatika.

BPS DKI Jakarta, “proyeksi penduduk 2015-2045,†2018.

Telkomsel and Telkom, Annual Report, 2018.

XL Axiata, Annual Report,†2018.

Indosat, Annual Report, 2018.

S. A. Ekawibowo, M. P. Pamungkas, and R. Hakimi, “Analysis of 5G band candidates for initial deployment in Indonesia,†2018 4th International Conference on Wireless and Telematics (ICWT), IEEE, 2018.

A. C. Situmorang, D. Gunawan, and V. G. Anggraini, "5G Trials on 28 GHz Band in Indonesia," presented at the 28th Wireless and Optical Communication Conference (WOCC 2019), Beijing, China, 9-10 May 2019, 2019.

K. B. S. Manosha, M. Matinmikko-blue, and M. Latva-aho, “Framework for spectrum authorization elements and its application to 5G micro-operators,†2017.

ITU, “Setting the Scene for 5G: opportunities & challenges,†2018.

J. Luo, E. Jorswieck, E. Karipidis, T. Fahldieck, and L. Badia, “Spectrum sharing improves the network efficiency for cellular operators,†IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 129–136, 2014.

M. Suryanegara, “5G as disruptive innovation: standard and regulatory challenges at a country level,†Int. J. Tech., vol. 4, pp. 635–642, 2016.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.9.6.10656


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development