Technology Integration to Promote Desire to Learn Programming in Higher Education

Nurul Faeizah Husin, Hairulliza Mohamad Judi, Siti Aishah Hanawi, Hazilah Mohd Amin


The use of technology integration is the way of innovation in today’s world-class learning. Technology integration is a combination of technologies such as computers, mobile devices like smartphones and tablets, digital cameras, the internet, and more in the practice of daily lecture sessions. Technology integration could help the process of learning especially for courses that considered as tough by the students. Therefore, educators need to be aware of the choice of methods or approaches so that teaching and learning are conducted in meaningful ways. Programming courses are compulsory for students in Faculty of Information Sciences and Technology, National University of Malaysia. However, some students find it difficult to excel in programming courses. In this study, technology integration in learning programming courses challenges the limitations of student opportunities in solving real problems lead to inconsistently use of the expertise and skills. In addition, the challenge of learning programming leads students to generate rote learning. Hence, technology integration in learning programming should be appropriate with the application of technology and applying meaningful learning so that the technology integration will be effective and meaningful. This study is conducted to propose and verify a technology integration framework for learning programming courses. Stratified Random Sampling through quantitative study method is used which involving 109 respondents. Quantitative data are analyzed using multiple linear regression method. Based on previous studies, five factors have been identified namely learning technology, learning competence, technology implementation, meaningful learning and contextual learning that would affect students’ desire to learn programming courses. The results discover that all the factors have significant relationships in influencing the desire to learn programming courses among undergraduate students for the faculty. This study is expected to assist educators and administrators to apply and improve the use of technology integration in meaningful learning for programming courses.


programming course; learning technology; learning competence; technology implementation; meaningful learning; contextual learning

Full Text:



A. Tafliovich, J. Campbell, and A. Petersen, “A student perspective on prior experience in CS1,†Proceeding 44th ACM Tech. Symp. Comput. Sci. Educ. - SIGCSE ’13, p. 239, 2013.

A. Pears, S. Seidman, L. Malmi, L. Mannila, E. Adams, J. M. Uni, J. Bennedsen, I. T. U. West, M. Devlin, and J. Paterson, “A Survey of Literature on the Teaching of Introductory Programming,†2010.

E. F. Barbosa, M. A. G. Silva, C. K. D. Corte, J. C. Maldonado, S. Paulo, I. Usp, and S. C. Sp, “Integrated Teaching of Programming Foundations and Software Testing,†pp. 5–10, 2008.

R. Masura, S. Shahrina, L. Rodziah, M. Y. Noor Faezah, Z. Noor Faridatul Ainun and A. R. Rohizah, “Major problems in basic programming that influence student performanceâ€,Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59 (2012) pp. 287 – 296.

D. Pedrosa, J.Cravino, L.Morgado, and C. Barreira. “Self-regulated learning in higher education: strategies adopted by computer programming students when supported by the Sim Programming approachâ€. Production, 27(spe), 2017.

R. R. Nunes et al., “Enhancing Students’ Motivation to Learn Software Engineering Programming Techniques: A Collaborative and Social Interaction Approach. In: Antona M., Stephanidis C. (eds) Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Access to Learning, Health and Well-B,†Lect. Notes Comput. Sci., vol. 9177, pp. 189–201, 2015.

J. Md. Golam Jamil and Sakirulai OlefemiIsiaq, “Teaching technology with technology: approaches to bridging learning and teaching gaps in simulation-based programming educationâ€, International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, vol. 16:25, 2019.

W. Ho, K. N. Pham, and D. L. Bui, “Development of a mind map system integrating full moodle function,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 4–2, pp. 1501–1506, 2018.

Lowyck J., “Bridging Learning Theories and Technology-Enhanced Environments: A Critical Appraisal of Its History,†in in: Spector J., Merrill M., Elen J., Bishop M. (eds) Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology., Springer, New York, 2014.

J. Peng, M. Wang, and D. Sampson, “Using a visualisation-based and progressive learning environment as a cognitive tool for learning computer programming,†Australas. J. Educ. Technol., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 52–68, 2019.

S. Yi and Y. Lee, “An educational system design to support learning transfer from block-based programming language to text-based programming language,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 4–2, pp. 1571–1576, 2018.

S. Smith and S. Chan, “Collaborative and Competitive Video Games for Teaching Computing in Higher Education,†J. Sci. Educ. Technol., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 438–457, 2017.

Y. Qian and J. Lehman, “Using technology to support teaching computer science: A study with middle school students,†Eurasia J. Math. Sci. Technol. Educ., vol. 14, no. 12, 2018.

Hamdan et al., “Personalized Learning Environment: Integration of Web Technology 2.0 In Achieving Meaningful Learning,†J. Pers. Learn., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 13–26, 2015.

S. N.Sailin and N. A.Mahmor, “Create-Share-Collaborate: An instructional strategy for developing student teacher’s critical thinkingâ€,1stInspirational Scholar Symposium Proceedings,Universiti Utara Malaysia, pp. 66-81, 2017.

A. M. Nazatul Aini,“Integration of WEB 2.0 tools in learning a programming courseâ€,TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, volume 13, issue 4, October 2014.

S. N. Sailin and N. A. Mahmor,“Improving student teachers’ digital pedagogy through meaningful learning activitiesâ€, Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, Vol. 15, No. 2,pp. 143-173, Dec 2018.

A. W. Amelia Natasya, M. C. Ang, J. Ruzzakiah, M. Muriati, E. NurFazidah, A. Haslina, S. A. Noraidah and A. S. Syaimak, “MOOC Implementation in Addressing the Needs of Generation Z towards Discrete Mathematics Learningâ€,Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol.96, No 21, 15th November 2018.

M. J. Hairulliza, R. Roslinda, and M. M. Capraro, “Meaningful Statistics Learning Using Gamification,†in International Conference on Advances in Computer Science, Engineering and Technology ICACSET18, 2018.

T. Kösa and F. Karakuş, “The effects of computer-aided design software on engineering students’ spatial visualisation skills,†Eur. J. Eng. Educ., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 296–308, 2017.

P. Tuomi, J.Multisilta, P.Saarikoski, and J.Suominen, “Coding skills as a success factor for a societyâ€,Education and Information Technologies, 23(1), pp. 419–434, 2018.

L. Shaffer, and K.Thomas-Brown, “Enhancing teacher competency through co-teaching and embedded professional developmentâ€,Journal of Education and Training Studies, vol. 3(3), pp. 117–125, 2015.

C. A.Sweigart, and T. J. Landrum,“The impact of number of adults on instruction: Implications for co-teaching,Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth, 59(1), pp. 22–29, 2015.

F. L. Khaleel, S. A. Noraidah, T. W. Tengku Siti Meriam, and I. Amirah, “Gamification elements for learning applications,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 868–874, 2016.

K. M. Roessger, B. J. Daley, and D. A. Hafez, “Effects of teaching concept mapping using practice, feedback, and relational framing,†Learn. Instr., vol. 54, no. August 2017, pp. 11–21, 2018.

A. Blanchard, “Contextual Teaching and Learningâ€,Educational Research Services, Horizons Electronic Lesson Plans Resources., 2001.

R. V. Krejcie and D. W. Morgan, “Determining Sample Size for Research Activitiesâ€, Educational and Psychological Measurement, vol. 30, pp 607-610, 1970.

R A. Siti Rahayah, Teori, Konsep dan Amalan dalam Pengukuran dan Penilaian, Bangi: Pusat Perkembangan Akademik UKM, 2003

J. F. Hair, B. J. Babin, R. E. Anderson, and W. C. Black, Multivariate Data Analysis, 8th edition. Edinburgh, 2018.

Y. Chen, “The impact of integrating technology and social experience in the college foreign language classroom,†Turkish Online J. Educ. Technol., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 169–179, 2013.

W. Hartati, Pemanfaatan ICT dalam Pembelajaran Mata Kuliah Teknologi Informasi Komunikasi dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Dosen. Universiti Mohammadiyah Prof. DR. Hamka. Jakarta, 2011.

M. A. P. Burac, J. M. Fernandez, M. M. A. Cruz, and J. Dela Cruz, “Assessing the impact of e-learning system of higher education institution’s instructors and students,†IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 482, no. 1, 2019.

E. A. Tokareva, Y. V. Smirnova, and L. G. Orchakova, “Innovation and communication technologies: Analysis of the effectiveness of their use and implementation in higher education,†Educ. Inf. Technol., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 3219–3234, 2019.

N. F. Ab Rahman, R. Kasbun, N. Khalid, S. A. Aziz and N. H. Mohamed, “Penggunaan Aplikasi Visual dalam Pembelajaran Konsep dan Asas Pengaturcaraan. Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi Maklumat. Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS),†National Pre-University Seminar, 2017.

N. A. A. Majid and N. A. Majid, “Augmented reality to promote guided discovery learning for STEM learning,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 4–2, pp. 1494–1500, 2018.

O. Adebayo et al., “Blended Learning in Higher Education: Implication and Strategies for Academic Library Support,†INTED2019 Proc., vol. 1, no. March, pp. 7210–7217, 2019.

S. Birisci and U. Kul, “Predictors of technology integration self-efficacy beliefs of preservice teachers,†Contemp. Educ. Technol., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 75–93, 2019.

W. Hamzeh, K. Mershad, and S. Vetohin, “Integrating Technology into Higher Education: A Case Study in Lebanon,†J. Technol. Sci. Educ., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 442–457, 2019.

Z. Ashfahani, M. S. Amla, I. Mohd Arif, and S. Ghavifekr, “Promoting Meaningful Learning via Online Project-based Module,†Int. J. e-learning High. Educ., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 71–95, 2017.

L. Li, E. Worch, Y. Zhou, and R. Aguiton, “How and Why Digital Generation Teachers Use Technology in the Classroom: An Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Study,†Int. J. Scholarsh. Teach. Learn., vol. 9, no. 2, 2015.

K. S. Chung, H. W. Byun, S. Kim, and H. C. Yu, “Interactive digital textbook development methodology for higher education,†Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 4–2, pp. 1534–1539, 2018.

A Abubakar, M. M. Bayero and S. S. Ahmad, “The effect of technology integration on university performance: the case of Nigeria,†Sokoto Journal of Management Studies, vol 12, no. 2, pp. 62-73, 2017.

M. Ruman and G. S. Prakasha, “Application of Technology Integration (TIM) in teach and learning of Secondary School Science Subjects,†IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 22, pp. 24-26, 2017.

M. J. Hairulliza, Z. H. Iksan, and N. S. Ashaari, “Implementation of Cognitive Visual Data Analytics Learning Support: Applying Meaningful Reception Learning Theory,†Compusoft, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 2879–2883, 2018.

S. I. Siti Nor Farahana and M. Siti Mistima, “Pembelajaran Abad Ke 21: Pendekatan Kontekstual Untuk Pembelajaran Bermakna dalam Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Matematik,†Semin. Pendidik. Serantau ke-VIII, pp. 75–89, 2017.

J. Tondeur, R. Scherer, E. Baran, F. Siddiq, T. Valtonen, and E. Sointu, “Teacher educators as gatekeepers: Preparing the next generation of teachers for technology integration in education,†Br. J. Educ. Technol., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 1189–1209, 2019.

Y. Jiang, N. Katherine and W. Warren, “The Impact of Contextual on Technology Integration in STEMâ€. International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). University of San Diego, United State, 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development