Study of Two-Phase Flow Behavior around Chute Aerator Using OpenFOAM

Hamzeh Ebrahimnezhadian, Mohammad Manafpour


Aeration devices are installed on chute spillways to prevent cavitation damage in high-velocity flows. Large quantities of air-entrained characterize bottom aerators along with the jet interfaces and a strong de-aeration process near the impact of the water jet with the spillway bottom. Appropriate prediction of the air entrainment process, flow characteristics, and two-phase flow pattern at the aerator would contribute to reliable spillway operation. The mathematical formulation of two-phase flow at an aerator remains a challenging issue for spillway design due to its complexities. In the present study, 2D numerical simulations are performed to predict the distribution of air concentrations, flow velocity, turbulent intensity, and water surface profile along the chute aerator using open-source OpenFOAM software and RNG k-ε turbulent model. The correlation coefficients obtained between the numerical and experimental results indicate that a proper agreement exists between the relative cavity length and velocity profile results. The research results show that the turbulent intensity of flow passing over the aerator ramp is significantly increases. It means that the ramp acts as a turbulent generator on the spillway chute. The maximum value of turbulence intensity occurs at the 6-8% of flow depth(h) from the tip of the ramp, and it is raised as the Froude number increases. It is concluded that the intake air flow rate and air-entrainment coefficient (ð›½) are linearly increased concerning the Froude number.


Aerator ramp; air entrainment; cavity length; RNG k-ε turbulence model; OpenFOAM

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